Colorectal Cancer Facts & Figures
In the United States, colorectal cancer is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer in men and women. However, CRC is also one of the most preventable common cancers. This publication provides information about colorectal cancer, including statistics on cancer occurrence, as well as information about risk factors, prevention, early detection, and treatment.
Breast Cancer In The Uk And England Over Time
*Breast cancer in UK women has:
- increased by 24% over 23 years
- increased by 5% over 10 years
- dropped by 2% over 3 years
* most up to date figures are from 2018
In England in 2019:
- Breast cancer became the most common cancer and accounts for 30% of all cancers
- The rate of breast cancer in women has doubled over the past 50 years
- The rate of breast cancer in men has remained stable over the past two decades
- 86% of breast cancers in women are diagnosed at stage 1 or stage 2
What Is Secondary Breast Cancer
Secondary breast cancer is when breast cancer spreads from the breast to other parts of the body, becoming incurable. Breast cancer most commonly spreads to the bones, brain, lungs or liver.
While it cannot be cured, there are treatments that can help control certain forms of the disease for some time and relieve symptoms to help people live well for as long as possible.
There are an estimated 35,000 people living with secondary breast cancer in the UK. In around 5% of women, breast cancer has already spread by the time it is diagnosed.
Cancer Facts & Figures For African American/black People
African American/Black people have the highest death rate and shortest survival of any racial/ethnic group in the US for most cancers. This publication provides the estimated numbers of new cancer cases and deaths for African American/Black people, as well as the most recent statistics on cancer occurrence risk factors and the use of cancer screening tests.
Trends In Breast Cancer Deaths
Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in women. The chance that a woman will die from breast cancer is about 1 in 39 .
Since 2007, breast cancer death rates have been steady in women younger than 50, but have continued to decrease in older women. From 2013 to 2018, the death rate went down by 1% per year.
These decreases are believed to be the result of finding breast cancer earlier through screening and increased awareness, as well as better treatments.
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Global Cancer Facts & Figures
This publication, now in its fourth edition, provides an overview of the international cancer burden, including the estimated numbers of new cancer cases and deaths worldwide and by level of human development index, as well as detailed information on select cancer sites.
The American Cancer Societys Cancer Statistics Center provides detailed statistics including:
- Estimated new cancer cases and deaths by sex, state, and cancer type in the current year
- Current cancer incidence, mortality, and survival rates and trends for individual cancer sites
- Risk factors and screening rates by state
The website can be used to:
- View and download maps, graphs, and charts
- Create custom downloadable maps, graphs, and charts
- Export data to Excel
Incidence Rates And The Number Of New Cases
To know whether or not breast cancer rates are changing over time, you have to compare rates, rather than the number of new cases.
For example, lets compare the number of new cases of breast cancer in U.S. in 2009 to the number of new cases in 2016. In 2009, there were an estimated 192,370 new cases of breast cancer in U.S. women . In 2016, there were an estimated 246,660 new cases .
Although more breast cancer cases occurred in 2016 than in 2009, this doesnt mean the rate of breast cancer increased over this time period.
We expect the number of cases to increase over time because the population of the U.S. increases over time . The more people there are, the more cancers there will be.
Our population is also living longer, so there are more people who are older . Since age increases the risk of breast cancer, we expect to have more breast cancers over time.
To know if breast cancer rates are changing over time, we look at incidence rates, rather than the number of new cases. The incidence rate shows the number of breast cancer cases in a set population size over a period of time. Its usually written as the number of cases in a population of 100,000 people per year.
The breast cancer incidence rate among women in 2009 was 125 and the estimated breast cancer incidence rate in 2016 was also 125 . This means there were 125 breast cancer new cases per 100,000 women in the U.S. in both 2009 and 2016.
100 percent mortality rate = survival rate
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Take Action To Change Young Adult Breast Cancer Statistics
When all young adults affected by breast cancer work together, we can raise awareness, improve our representation in research and make each other stronger. We are dedicated to these goals, working to turn our unique challenges into opportunities for shared success. Join the movement! Become an advocate for young women with breast cancer.
Mortality Rates And Number Of Breast Cancer Deaths
Sometimes its useful to have an estimate of the number of people expected to die from breast cancer in a year. This number helps show the burden of breast cancer in a group of people.
Numbers, however, can be hard to compare to each other. To compare mortality in different populations, we need to look at mortality rates rather than the number of breast cancer deaths.
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How Common Is Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women in the United States, except for skin cancers. It is about 30% of all new female cancers each year.
The American Cancer Society’s estimates for breast cancer in the United States for 2022 are:
- About 287,850 new cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed in women.
- About 51,400 new cases of ductal carcinoma in situ will be diagnosed.
- About 43,250 women will die from breast cancer.
Breast cancer mainly occurs in middle-aged and older women. The median age at the time of breast cancer diagnosis is 62. This means half of the women who developed breast cancer are 62 years of age or younger when they are diagnosed. A very small number of women diagnosed with breast cancer are younger than 45.
Latest Breast Cancer Data
Breast cancer is the most commonly occurring cancer in women and the most common cancer overall. There were more than 2.26 million new cases of breast cancer in women in 2020.
The 10 countries with the highest rates of breast cancer in women and the highest number of deaths from breast cancer in women in 2020 are shown in the tables below.
ASR = age-standardised rates. These are a summary measure of the rate of disease that a population would have if it had a standard age structure. Standardisation is necessary when comparing populations that differ with respect to age because age has a powerful influence on the risk of dying from cancer.
Uk & England Breast Cancer Statistics
Incidence of breast cancer in the UK
- There are around 56,000 new cases of breast cancer every year: thats over 150 cases every day
- In women, on average there were 55,545 new cases each year
- 18% of breast cancers were in women under 50 and 82% in those 50 or older
- Breast cancer is the most common cancer in the UK, representing 15% of all new cancer cases
- 24% of breast cancers occurred in women over 75
- In men, there were 375 new breast cancer cases
- Each year, there are around 8300 in situ breast carcinoma cases, a non-invasive form of breast cancer which if untreated may lead to breast cancer
More Than 3 Million Americans Live With Breast Cancer
Many people know someone diagnosed with breast cancermillions have been diagnosed themself. Its the most commonly diagnosed cancer, other than skin cancer.
Breast cancer is when cells in the breast tissue start to grow out of control and form a tumor. Breast cancer can develop in people of any sex but is much more common in those assigned female at birth.
In 2022, there will be around 290,560 cases of breast cancer diagnosed in the U.S. .
Thankfully, the survival rate for breast cancer is good and has been steadily improving over the last 30 years. More than 3.5 million women are currently living with breast cancer.
This article will review the basic facts about breast cancerincluding how common it is, who gets it, and how likely it is to be deadly.
gorodenkoff / Getty Images
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How Common Is Metastatic Breast Cancer
Approximately 6 out of 100 people with breast cancer have metastatic breast cancer at diagnosis. Most commonly, metastatic breast cancer occurs months to years after an individual is treated for nonmetastatic breast cancer. This can also be called a distant recurrence.
It’s estimated that 10% to 52% of people initially diagnosed with local and regional stages of breast cancer will eventually develop metastatic breast cancer.
Us Cancer Statistics Data Visualizations Tool
The Data Visualizations tool makes it easy for anyone to explore and use the latest official federal government cancer data from United States Cancer Statistics. It includes the latest cancer data covering the U.S. population.
See how the rates of new breast cancers or breast cancer deaths changed over time for the entire United States and individual states.Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website.
- The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website.
- Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website.
- CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance on other federal or private website.
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Global Breast Cancer Statistics
- In 2020, 11.7% of all cancers diagnosed were female breast cancer, making it the most common cancer worldwide
- In 2020, there were 2.26 million women diagnosed with breast cancer and 685,000 deaths globally
- As of the end of 2020, there were 7.8 million women alive who were diagnosed with breast cancer over the past 5 years
- In 2019, there were 25,100 men diagnosed with breast cancer and 12,100 deaths globally
Causes Of Metastatic Breast Cancer And Risk Factors
Metastatic breast cancer is caused by cancer cells that break off from the main tumor and get into the bloodstream or the lymph system. The cancer cells then travel in these fluids and can settle in an organ or part of the body, growing new tumors.
Any kind or stage of breast cancer can metastasize. Itâs not possible to know or predict which ones will and which ones wonât. While thereâs no definitive way to prevent metastasis from occurring, there are some risk factors that may impact whether breast cancer metastasizes, including:
- Type of breast cancer, like whether itâs hormone receptor-positive or human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 -positive, if itâs triple-negative breast cancer, etc.
- Whether itâs a fast- or slow-growing cancer
- Characteristics of the cancer when first diagnosed, such as stage, tumor size, lymph node status
Itâs also important to remember that everyone is different. Some people with many risk factors will never have their cancer metastasize, whereas someone with very early breast cancer may later have it recur and metastasize.
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Breast Cancer Statistics In Young Adults
Although breast cancer in young adults is rare, more than 250,000 living in the United States today were diagnosed under age 40. In young adults, breast cancer tends to be diagnosed in its later stages. It also tends to be more aggressive. Young adults have a higher mortality rate. As well as a higher risk of metastatic recurrence .
Breast Cancer Statistics In Canada
Each year, the Canadian Cancer Society releases predictive cancer statistics. Just last month, their 2019 report was released. This report highlights most cancers in Canada, including updated estimates of incidence, survival, and mortality.
We encourage you to read the entire publication for yourself. But, in the meantime, heres a quick run-through of their most recent findings as relates to breast cancer in Canada in 2019.
BREAST CANCER IS THE MOST COMMONLY DIAGNOSED CANCER IN CANADIAN WOMEN.
This fact still rings true in 2019. According to the Canadian Cancer Societys 2019 predictive stats, 1 in 8 females is expected to be diagnosed with breast cancer in her lifetime. On top of that, breast cancer is still expected to make up more new cases of cancer in Canadian women in 2019 than other cancers. Heres a snapshot:
THE AGE-STANDARDIZED INCIDENCE RATE HAS NOT CHANGED IN THE PAST 5 YEARS.
In the 1990s, the breast cancer incident rate rose. However, this was largely due to advancements in mammography screening and provincial screening programs that helped diagnose more breast cancers. However, today, there has been virtually no change in the projected age-standardized incidence rate over the past 5 years, moving from 126.1 cases per 100,000 women in 2015 to 128 cases per 100,000 women in 2019.
THE RATES OF BREAST CANCER IN YOUNG WOMEN ARE LOW.
CANADAS BREAST CANCER MORTALITY RATE IS STILL THE LOWEST IT HAS BEEN SINCE 1950.
· Delays in diagnosis
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Mammography And Rates Of Early Detection Over Time
During the 1980s and 1990s, diagnoses of early-stage breast cancer in the U.S., including ductal carcinoma in situ , increased greatly . This was likely due to the increased use of screening mammography during this time .
Among women 50 and older, rates of DCIS increased from 7 cases per 100,000 women in 1980 to 83 cases per 100,000 women in 2008 . From 2012-2016, rates of DCIS declined by about 2 percent per year .
How Many People Survive Breast Cancer
- Almost nine in ten of women survive breast cancer for five years or more.
- Breast cancer survival is improving and has doubled in the past 40 years in the UK due to a combination of improvements in treatment and care, earlier detection through screening and a focus on targets, including faster diagnosis.
- An estimated 600,000 people are alive in the UK after a diagnosis of breast cancer. This is predicted to rise to 1.2 million in 2030.
For many the overwhelming emotional and physical effects of the disease can be long-lasting.
Every year around 11,500women and 85 men die from breast cancer in the UK thats nearly 1,000 deaths each month, 31 each day or one every 45 minutes.
Breast cancer is the fourth most common cause of cancer death in the UK.
Breast cancer is a leading cause of death in women under 50 in the UK.
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Survival Rates By Stage
Breast cancer survival rates compare the number of women with breast cancer to the number of women in the overall population to estimate the amount of time women with breast cancer are likely to live after theyre diagnosed.
For example, if the survival rate for a stage of breast cancer during a 5-year period is 90 percent, it means that women diagnosed with that cancer are 90 percent as likely to survive for 5 years following their diagnosis as women who do not have the cancer.
As we mentioned earlier, survival rates are based on information from the SEER database, which the NCI maintains.
SEER does not group breast cancers by stages 0 through 4. Instead, it groups them by the following stages:
- localized: when the cancer has not spread outside of the breast
- regional: when its spread outside the breast to nearby structures or lymph nodes
- distant: when its spread to other parts of the body, such as the liver, lungs, or bones
It should be noted that theres a substantial racial disparity gap in survival rates between white women and Women of Color, especially for late-stage breast cancer diagnoses. The chart below, courtesy of the
What About Breast Cancer In Men
The stages of breast cancer relate to how much the cancer has grown and how far its spread. Generally, the earlier breast cancer is diagnosed and treated, the higher the chances for long-term survival.
|Stage 0||This is a precancerous stage with no invasive cancer cells.|
|Stage 1||The tumor is small and localized to the breast. There may be a small amount of cancer in nearby lymph nodes.|
|Stage 2||The tumor is still localized to the breast but is larger and may have spread to several nearby lymph nodes.|
|Stage 3||This stage includes cancers that have spread to the skin, chest wall, or multiple lymph nodes in or near the breast.|
|Stage 4||This is metastatic breast cancer, meaning its spread to one or more distant parts of the body, most commonly to the bones, lungs, or liver.|
The stages of breast cancer are based on the following factors:
- whether the lymph nodes contain cancer cells
- whether the cancer has metastasized, meaning its spread to other, more distant parts of the body
Since 2018, the following factors have also been used to determine breast cancer stage:
- whether the cancer cells have hormone receptors and need estrogen or progesterone to grow
- whether the cancer cells have the HER2 protein that helps them grow
- tumor grade, meaning how aggressive the cells look under the microscope
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