Why Breast Cancer Screening Matters
The sooner breast cancer gets diagnosed, the better your odds of getting successful treatment.
That’s why itâs important to get mammograms as recommended, to be familiar with how your breasts usually look, and to report any changes to your doctor ASAP. Why?
- Breast cancer risk is up: The lifetime risk of a woman getting breast cancer in the U.S. was around 5%, or 1 in 20, in 1940. Now itâs 12%, or more than 1 in 8.
- Finding breast cancer earlier boosts your survival odds: Women who have breast cancer screening mammograms are much less likely to die from the disease. This depends on:
- The quality of the test
- Getting screened as often as you need to
- Following your treatment plan if you get diagnosed
How To Detect Breast Cancer In Males
Men are susceptible to breast cancer. Most breast cancers are seen in women however, men are susceptible to breast cancer, too. Standard diagnostic tests for breast cancer in males include biopsy, ultrasound, and PET scan. Find out the symptoms of breast cancer in men and factors that could increase the risk.
The breast cancer condition is where the cells in the breast develop beyond control. The type of breast cancer is determined by the kind of breast cells that develop into cancer. Many types of cancers affect breasts.
The cancer of the breast can develop in various areas within the breast. The breast comprises three primary components: ducts, lobules, and connective tissues. Therefore, this article will see the best diagnostic tests for breast cancer in males. How do they help to detect breast cancer? Also, know Can stage 4 cancer be cured?
Conditions That Arrives Due To Breast Cancer:
- Exposure to estrogen. For example, if you use estrogen-related medicines, like those employed for hormone therapy to treat prostate cancer, the chances of getting breast cancer are higher.
- The family history of breast cancer. If you have a family member diagnosed with the disease, you stand an increased chance of getting cancer.
- Klinefelters syndrome. The genetic condition occurs when males are given more than one copy of their X chromosome. It means that men who suffer from this condition produce lower levels of testosterone and higher levels of feminine hormones .
- Liver disease. Certain conditions, like liver cirrhosis, can decrease male hormones and boost female hormones, increasing your chances of getting breast cancer.
- Obesity. Obesity is linked to higher estrogen levels within the body, which increases the chance of developing male breast cancer.
- Orchiectomy for testicular diseases. Inflamed testicles or removal of the testicle could increase the risk of male breast cancer.
A tumor could be benign or malignant. The tumor is malignant when it expands and spreads to other body parts. However, benign tumors may develop, but it doesnt expand to other organs.
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What Are The Risks Of An X
An X-ray exposes parts of the body to a low dose of radiation. Because the amount is low, research suggests that the benefits outweigh the risks.
Some people may have side effects from the injection of a contrast medium, such as feeling warm, lightheaded or nauseous, itching or a metallic taste in the mouth. Rarely, some people may have a more serious allergic reaction.
Recent Evidence Suggests That Exposure To Chest X
But now this warhorse of exploratory testing has finally begun to show a darker side. The minimal dose of radiation it delivers might turn out not to be low enough. Recent evidence suggests that exposure to chest x-rays among women carrying the BRCA1/2 mutations increases their risk of breast cancer. Furthermore, as growing tissue is more at risk, the timing of exposure is critical. For those exposed under the age of 20, the increase in risk may be quite significant1.
The idea that low levels of radiation might be more hazardous than suspected magnifies the perils of another alarming trendthe explosive growth of computed tomography scans. This technology, which provides enhanced images, involves radiation exposures that far exceed those linked to traditional x-rays. A CT scan of the chest exposes a patient to doses up to 80 times higher than those linked to a single chest x-ray. Most CT procedures, in fact, reach levels that override the maximum allowable annual doses recommended by the National Council on Radiation Protection. And yet we take the safety of this technology for granted, submitting to procedures our physicians recommend, just as we consented to annual chest x-rays for almost half a century.
2 David J. Brenner and Eric J. Hall, Computed Tomography: An Increasing Source of Radiation Exposure, New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 357 : 22772284.
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Can Chest Xray See Your Breast
I was having back pain and chest pains, went to the er, had x rays done on back and chest. cbc blood work normal, ask doctor do i have cancer, she said no. back pain stoped but now having neck and both arms pain and legs pain pain in both wrist sometimes feets and middle fingers, whats wrong with me?
Who Should Get A Screening Mammogram
Different health experts have different recommendations formammography. The following screening guidelines are for early detectionof cancer in women who have no symptoms:
The American College of Radiology and the Society of Breast Imaging recommend that women get yearly mammograms starting at age 40. The Johns Hopkins Radiology and Radiological Science breast imaging section supports the ACR and SBI recommendation and encourage women to discuss their individual screening options with their doctor.
The National Cancer Institute guidelines state that women in their 40s and older should have a screening mammogram on a regular basis, every 1 to 2 years.
The American Cancer Society recommends that women with an average risk of breast cancer should have regular screening mammograms starting at age 45. Mammograms should be done every year for all women ages 45 to 54. Then you can switch to mammograms every 2 years. Or you have the choice to continue annual mammograms.
Currently, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends screening every 2 years for women ages 50 to 74.
Women who are at an increased risk should talk with their health care providers about the benefits and limitations of starting mammography screening earlier, having additional tests , or having more frequent exams.
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Should You Take An Inherited Test To Look For Breast Cancer
If youre considering getting genetic testing, It is highly advised that you speak with a qualified professional who can explain and interpret the results, for example, genetic counselors or a doctor or nurse who has specialized knowledge.
It is crucial to be aware of what genetic tests will and wont reveal and carefully consider the advantages and dangers of performing the test.
Test results arent always crystal clear or even the case theyre often not easy to know what needs to be done regarding the results. There could be other issues, like what the results could be for family members of other relatives.
What Does Having A Mammogram Feel Like
Having a mammogram is uncomfortable for most women. Some women find it painful. A mammogram takes only a few moments, though, and the discomfort is over soon. What you feel depends on the skill of the technologist, the size of your breasts, and how much they need to be pressed. Your breasts may be more sensitive if you are about to get or have your period. A doctor with special training, called a radiologist, will read the mammogram. He or she will look at the X-ray for early signs of breast cancer or other problems.
- If you are due for a mammogram and have been recently vaccinated for COVID-19, ask your doctor how long you should wait after vaccination to get your mammogram.More information
- Try not to have your mammogram the week before you get your period or during your period. Your breasts may be tender or swollen then.
- On the day of your mammogram, dont wear deodorant, perfume, or powder. These products can show up as white spots on the X-ray.
- Some women prefer to wear a top with a skirt or pants, instead of a dress. You will need to undress from your waist up for the mammogram.
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How Is A Mammogram Done
You will stand in front of a special X-ray machine. A technologist will place your breast on a plastic plate. Another plate will firmly press your breast from above. The plates will flatten the breast, holding it still while the X-ray is being taken. You will feel some pressure. The steps are repeated to make a side view of the breast. The other breast will be X-rayed in the same way. You will then wait while the technologist checks the four X-rays to make sure the pictures do not need to be re-done. Keep in mind that the technologist cannot tell you the results of your mammogram. Each womans mammogram may look a little different because all breasts are a little different.
Will Breast Cancer Show On A Ct Scan
Long story short I have a CT scan with contrast on 1st June to look for cancer in the abdominal cavity. However, they are also scanning my thorax
amongst everything that’s been going on I have not been checking my breasts, stupidly I was looking for cancer in other areas and now I think my breast may be the culprit. There is a misshapen mass in the middle of the breast which is firm and I have had neuropathy for the past 2 months which makes me think it’s spreading
ive bothered my gp so much they have told me I’m not a priority and that I’m “just majorly depressed” and that there’s nothing wrong with me so I am scared to even tell them about my new finding
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Medical History And Physical Exam
If a person has signs or symptoms that suggest they might have a bone tumor, the doctor will want to take a complete medical history to find out more about the symptoms.
A physical exam can sometimes provide information about a possible tumor. For example, the doctor may be able to see or feel an abnormal mass.
The doctor may also look for problems in other parts of the body. When adults have cancer in the bones, its most often the result of cancer that started somewhere else and then spread to the bones .
After the exam, if the doctor suspects it could be bone cancer , more tests will be done. These might include imaging tests, biopsies, and/or lab tests.
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What Happens In A Mammogram
In a mammogram, your breast is compressed between two plates and flattened for a few seconds while a technician uses an X-ray machine to take images of the breast.
This will be repeated a few times to get images of different angles of one or both breasts.
A mammogram shouldn’t cause pain, but you will feel some pressure. How much discomfort you feel will depend on the size of your breasts, and how much they need to be pressed to get a good X-ray image.
You will have to wait for your doctor to give you the results of the test, which can take a few days.
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How Does Pet Scan Help To Diagnose Breast Cancer In Men
Cancer cells take in large quantities of sugar. In it, a type that is radioactively absorbed sugar placed into a vein and then circulated through the body.
A specially designed camera for this purpose then captures images that reveal the regions where sugar accumulates in the body. Besides PET scans, there are various diagnostic tests for breast cancer in males.
PET scans are helpful in situations where your doctor believes that cancer might have spread but isnt sure where it happened. The image isnt as detailed as a CT or MRI scan however, it will provide valuable details about your entire body.
Specific machines can perform the PET scan and CT scan simultaneously . Radiologists can assess areas with higher radiation on PET and look at the same region when examining the CT.
This test could help identify cancer that has spread to distant organs. However, it isnt as helpful in finding small amounts of cancerous cells in lymph nodes in the arms .
Genomic Tests To Predict Risk Of Recurrence
Tests that take an even closer look at the biology of the tumor are commonly used to understand more about a persons breast cancer, particularly for a cancer that has not spread to other organs. These tests can help estimate the risk of cancer recurrence in the years after diagnosis. They can also predict whether a treatment will be helpful to reduce the risk of cancer recurrence. This helps some patients avoid the possible side effects of a treatment that is not likely to work well.
The tests described below are typically done on tissue removed during surgery. Most patients will not need an extra biopsy or more surgery. For more information about genomic tests, what they mean, and how the results might affect your treatment plan, talk with your doctor.
The tests listed above have not been shown to be useful to predict risk of recurrence for people with HER2-positive or triple-negative breast cancer. Therefore, none of these tests are currently recommended for breast cancer that is HER2 positive or triple negative. Your doctor will use other factors to help recommend treatment options for you.
Talk with your doctor for more information about genomic tests, what they mean, and how the results might affect your treatment plan.
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Limitations Of Chest X
X-rays use radiation to create two-dimensional images of internal organs. Organs and tissues that absorb less radiation will be easiest to see on the image. This includes the lungs and gasses in the lungs.
It is not uncommon to hear stories of lung cancer that was discovered on an X-ray. When this happens, though, the disease usually is in an advanced stage. The cancer was only seen because the tumor was large and hard to miss.
The problem with this is that advanced lung cancer found in stage 3b or stage 4 is more difficult to treat. With rare exception, these advanced lung cancers are incurable. This is why chest X-rays are poor tools for diagnosing lung cancer.
Tests To Determine Specific Types Of Treatment
You’ll also need tests that show whether the cancer will respond to specific types of treatment.
The results of these tests can give your doctors a more complete picture of the type of cancer you have and how to treat it.
In some cases, breast cancer cells can be stimulated to grow by hormones that occur naturally in your body, such as oestrogen and progesterone.
If this is the case, the cancer may be treated by stopping the effects of the hormones or by lowering the level of these hormones in your body. This is known as hormone therapy.
During a hormone receptor test, a sample of cancer cells will be taken from your breast and tested to see if they respond to either oestrogen or progesterone.
If the hormone is able to attach to the cancer cells using a hormone receptor, they’re known as hormone-receptor positive.
While hormones can encourage the growth of some types of breast cancer, other types are stimulated by a protein called human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 .
These types of cancers can be diagnosed using a HER2 test and are treated with medicine that blocks the effects of HER2. This is known as targeted therapy.
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What Is A Mammogram
Regular mammograms are the best tests doctors have to find breast cancer early.
A mammogram is an X-ray picture of the breast. Doctors use a mammogram to look for early signs of breast cancer. Regular mammograms are the best tests doctors have to find breast cancer early, sometimes up to three years before it can be felt.
Are you worried about the cost? CDC offers free or low-cost mammograms. Find out if you qualify.
Inclusion And Exclusion Criteria
The authors considered any study that reported the number of adult patients who had a chest X-ray following a symptomatic presentation to a clinician in the year before diagnosis with lung cancer. The period of 1 year was selected with reference to estimates of detectable pre-clinical phase of lung cancer , estimated to be between 5.5 months and 2.2 years. Studies where it was unclear if the duration between chest X-ray and diagnosis was < 1 year were excluded. Studies based on screening populations were excluded. Studies of patients aged < 18 years, other intrathoracic malignancies such as mesothelioma and lymphoma, metastatic lung disease from a non-lung cancer primary tumour, and imaging undertaken for staging or diagnostic surveillance for recurrent lung cancer were also excluded. In order to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of chest X-ray in clinical practice, the authors excluded studies that examined the proportion of chest X-rays where lesions were âmissedâ but identified in retrospect.
Chest X-rays were considered positive if any abnormality considered suspicious for lung cancer was noted at the time of reporting and were considered negative if no features suspicious of lung cancer were noted at the time of reporting. Where the findings of chest X-ray were not reported in a way that could be classified as positive or negative according to this definition, the authors reported the presence or absence of abnormalities on the chest X-rays.
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