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Can Males Have Breast Cancer

Lobular Carcinoma In Situ

Did you know that men can have breast cancer?

Lobular carcinoma in situ may also be called lobular neoplasia. In LCIS, cells that look like cancer cells are growing in the lobules of the milk-producing glands of the breast, but they havent grown through the wall of the lobules. LCIS is not a true pre-invasive cancer because it does not turn into an invasive cancer if left untreated, but it is linked to an increased risk of invasive cancer in both breasts. LCIS is rarely, if ever seen in men.

Coping With A Diagnosis

Being told you have breast cancer can cause a wide range of emotions, such as shock, fear, confusion and, in some cases, embarrassment.

Most people assume breast cancer only affects women, so it can be difficult to come to terms with the diagnosis.

Feelings of isolation and being alone are common in men with breast cancer. This may be because there’s little in the way of advice and support for men with breast cancer, particularly when compared with the support available for women with the condition.

Sometimes men who find themselves in this situation can become depressed. You may be depressed if you’ve felt very down and no longer interested in doing activities you used to enjoy during the past month.

If you think you may be depressed, visit your GP. There is a range of effective treatments, such as medication and counselling, that can help relieve feelings of depression.

You may also find it useful to talk to other men affected by the condition. Breast Cancer Now is a breast cancer charity that provides an online forum for anyone diagnosed with breast cancer. Cancer Research UK also provides Cancer Chat, an online forum for anyone affected by cancer.

Can Male Breast Cancer Be Cured

Male breast cancer can be treated successfully. 85% of men who are diagnosed with breast cancer in Australia will live for five years or more after their breast cancer is first diagnosed.

However, if cancer has spread from the breast to other parts of the body, it often becomes more difficult to treat. Cancer that has spread to other parts of the body is called secondary, advanced or metastatic breast cancer. You may also hear it referred to as stage 4 breast cancer.

Being diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer can be confronting and devastating. While there is currently no cure for metastatic breast cancer, it is possible control it with treatment sometimes for many years. Treatment for metastatic breast cancer aims to control the growth and spread of the cancer, relieve symptoms and maintain a good quality of life for as long as possible.

NBCF is committed to Zero Deaths from breast cancer for both male and female patients. Learn more about our funded projects investigating different ways to improve breast cancer treatment here.

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What Are The Symptoms

The most common symptoms of breast cancer in men are

  • A lump or swelling in the breast.
  • Redness or flaky skin in the breast.
  • Irritation or dimpling of breast skin.
  • Nipple discharge.
  • Pulling in of the nipple or pain in the nipple area.

These symptoms can happen with other conditions that are not cancer. If you have any symptoms that worry you, see your doctor right away.

Breast Size And Your Risk

Yes, #men can also get #breast #cancer. see here

Gynecomastia, the enlargement of male breasts, is a common condition that affects approximately 25% of adolescents assigned male at birth. Medications, being overweight, and liver disease can cause gynecomastia in adults assigned male at birth. Gynecomastia is not thought to increase risk of breast cancer, but you should discuss it with a doctor, as there may be a medical cause behind it.

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Ductal Carcinoma In Situ

Ductal carcinoma in situ is considered non-invasive or pre-invasive breast cancer. In DCIS , cells that lined the ducts have changed to look like cancer cells. The difference between DCIS and invasive cancer is that the cells have not spread through the walls of the ducts into the surrounding tissue of the breast . DCIS is considered a pre-cancer because some cases can go on to become invasive cancers. Right now, though, there is no good way to know for certain which cases will go on to become invasive cancers and which ones wont. DCIS accounts for about 1 in 10 cases of breast cancer in men. It is almost always curable with surgery.

Information Booklet For Men

If you would like to know more about breast cancer in men, read BCNA’s Men get breast cancer too booklet. It provides information specifically for men, including treatments, coping strategies and common challenges that men face after a diagnosis. The booklet also mentions other resources and counselling services that are available to you. The booklet was developed with input from men who have been diagnosed with breast cancer as well as their family members, health professionals and researchers.

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How Dangerous Is Breast Cancer For Males

Breast cancer among men, just like breast cancer among women, can differ in severity. Some men will be able to detect cancer quickly, have damaged cells removed, and receive treatment to send the disease into remission. Other men may not catch cancer early, because theyre less likely to recognise a problem in their breast than a woman. This is because women tend to do more regular self-breast examinations.

Breast cancer is more likely to respond successfully to treatment when the condition is found early, and the damaged cells can be removed. If cancer has a chance to spread to the lymph nodes, it can also metastasize to other areas of the body, causing higher risk levels.

Not all breast cancers are fatal, however. Some men can also suffer from tumours in the breast not caused by cancer, such as gynecomastia, which is an increase in the amount of male breast tissue which leads to a disk-like growth under the nipple and areola.

Gynecomastia is more common among teenage boys and older men due to changes in hormonal balance. In rare cases, gynecomastia can also occur as a result of diseases in the endocrine glands which cause the male body to produce more oestrogen.

Men Too Can Have Breast Cancer: Hear It From A Survivor

Can men get breast cancer?

He was a chubby teenager, with a prominent right breast, and everyone told him the chubbiness would go away with age. The ignorance led to the 45-year-old telecom engineer, Sanjay Goel, ignoring the symptoms that later led to a full-blown breast cancer.

I always had warning signs coming at 24, I noticed fluid discharge from my right breast and by age 30 there was a lump, however only when bleeding happened I decided to consult a doctor, says Goel.

As luck would have it, Goels doctor also did not pick up the warning sign either, and put him on a course of antibiotic. After taking antibiotics, the symptoms subsided temporarily but returned after almost a year. He again asked me to repeat the medicines. I changed my doctor when I developed pain in my breast, he says.

Goel consulted a family friend who was a surgeon. It was in 2010. He looked worried and asked me to get a specialized test Fine needle aspiration cytology , done. The result was positive for cancer, so I underwent a surgery, he says.

The biopsy also confirmed stage-II cancer that was spreading.

For me cancer meant death so for a couple of hours after we saw the reports, my wife and I just sat silent without uttering a word. It was difficult to accept for me as I used to lead a pretty healthy lifestyle. In fact, I was big-time into Yoga, so the diagnosis was a shocker, he says.

After the usual chemotherapy and radiotherapy, Goel was put on hormone therapy that is still on.

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Breast Cancer In Men Is It Possible

I have WHAT kind of cancer?

Such is the reaction that many men have to being told they have breast cancer. Any cancer diagnosis is a shock but finding out you have a kind you never thought you could get makes it even harder to accept.

All people, whether male or female, are born with some breast cells and tissue. Even though males do not develop milk-producing breasts, a mans breast cells and tissue can still develop cancer. Though, male breast cancer is very rare, it is just as serious as that which women experience.

The American Cancer Society estimates that around 2,500 new cases of breast cancer in men are reported every year, claiming the lives of 460 men.

Breast cancer in men is usually detected as a hard lump underneath the nipple and areola. Men carry a higher mortality than women do, primarily because awareness among men is less and they are less likely to assume a lump is breast cancer. This assumption is the main reason for the delay in seeking treatment.

What are the symptoms?

The most common symptoms of breast cancer in men are similar to women,

with the majority of men being diagnosed over the age of 50:

A lump or swelling in the breast.

Redness or flaky skin in the breast.

Irritation or dimpling of breast skin.

Nipple discharge.

Pulling in of the nipple or pain in the nipple area.

What are the risk factors?

Several factors can increase a mans chance of getting breast cancer. Having risk factors does not mean you will get breast cancer.

Targeted Cancer Drug Therapy

Your doctor will check your cancer cells for proteins called HER2 receptors. But these are rarely found in male breast cancer. If your cancer cells have a lot of these receptors, your doctor will prescribe a targeted drug treatment for you.

The most common targeted drug for breast cancer is trastuzumab .

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Diagnostic Imaging Methods And Differential Diagnosis

The majority of lesions in the male breast are benign and gynecomasty constitutes most of these lesions. Within these, less than 1% is primary breast cancer. Even though male breast is relatively small, mammography is technically feasible and adds useful information to clinical examination . In the presence of a clinically suspicious lesion, MG should be preferred over ultrasonography . Sensitivity and specificity of mammography are reported as 92% and 90%, respectively . A normal male breast is essentially composed of fat tissue and contains only a few secretory canals. It does not have Cooper ligaments, and has none or very little ductal and interlobular connective tissue. For that reason, it has a radiolucent appearance on mammography . The tumor is visualized on MG as a hyperdense, well defined, lobulated mass with spiculated margins or as a structural distortion. Microcalcification is observed less as compared to FBC its tendency of clustering is low, and generally appears as wide, round and dispersed calcifications.

Doyle et al. emphasized the radiologic and pathologic differences between male and female breast cancer in their review:

  • The incidence of invasive lobular cancer and in-situ disease are lower in men as compared to women.

  • Male breast cancer more frequently manifests itself as a locally advanced disease .

  • MBCs are more often localized in the subareolar area, whereas FBCs are localized in the upper outer quadrant.

  • Can Men Get Breast Cancer

    Many people dont know that men can get breast cancer because they dont think of men as having breasts. But men do have a small amount of breast tissue.

    Breast cancer in men is cancer that starts in this small amount of breast tissue.

    Breast cancer in men is very rare. Around 370 men are diagnosed each year in the UK.

    Most men who get breast cancer are over 60, although younger men can be affected.

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    What Are Risk Factors For Breast Cancer In Men

    A risk factor is anything that may increase your chance of having a disease. Risk factors for a certain type of cancer might include smoking, diet, family history, or many other things. The exact cause of someones cancer may not be known. But risk factors can make it more likely for a person to have cancer.

    Things you should know about risk factors for cancer:

    • Risk factors can increase a personâs risk, but they do not necessarily cause the disease.

    • Some people with 1 or more risk factors never develop cancer. Other people can develop cancer and have no risk factors.

    • Some risk factors are very well known. But there is ongoing research about risk factors for many types of cancer.

    Some risk factors, such as family history, may not be in your control. But others may be things you can change. Knowing the risk factors can help you make choices that might lower your risk. For example, if an unhealthy diet is a risk factor, you may choose to eat healthy foods. If excess weight is a risk factor, your healthcare provider may check your weight or help you lose weight.

    Risk factors for breast cancer in men include:

    • Female relatives with breast cancer

    • A breast cancer 2 gene mutation in the family

    Diagnosing Breast Cancer In Men

    If you have symptoms of breast cancer, such as a hard, painless lump in one of your breasts, your GP will carefully examine you.

    During the examination, they’ll also look for other possible signs of male breast cancer, such as swollen lymph nodes .

    It’s likely your GP will refer you for further tests if there’s a possibility you may have breast cancer. These tests are described below.

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    Men With Breast Cancer Usually Have Lumps That Can Be Felt

    Lumps and other signs may be caused by male breast cancer or by other conditions. Check with your doctor if you have any of the following:

    • A lump or thickening in or near the breast or in the underarm area.
    • A change in the size or shape of the breast.
    • A dimple or puckering in the skin of the breast.
    • A nipple turned inward into the breast.
    • Fluid from the nipple, especially if itâs bloody.
    • Scaly, red, or swollen skin on the breast, nipple, or areola .
    • Dimples in the breast that look like the skin of an orange, called peau dorange.

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    History Of Cancer Treatment

    How to Check for the Signs of Male Breast Cancer | Lorraine

    Radiation therapy and chemotherapy are associated with an increased risk of cancer. Radiation and chemotherapeutic medications are used to destroy cancer cells, but they can also cause alterations in normal cells, increasing the risk of disease and cancer.

    While uncommon, there is a slight increase in secondary cancer among survivors who were treated for cancer.

    Radiation therapy to the chest, such as in treatment for lymphoma, for example, is more likely to be associated with breast cancer than radiation to other areas of the body, such as the brain or abdomen.

    Cancer treatment that alters hormone levels, such as estrogen therapy for prostate cancer and orchiectomy for testicular cancer, are also associated with an increased risk of breast cancer in those assigned male at birth.

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    What Is The Prognosis For Men With Breast Cancer

    It depends on the kind, stage, and type of breast cancer. In general, when male breast cancer is detected at an early stage, men have a similar chance of recovery as women with breast cancer.

    However, breast cancer is often diagnosed in men at a later stage because many may not routinely examine their breasts, arent aware that breast cancer can occur in men, or are embarrassed about having a breast-related complaint, says Dr. Andrejeva-Wright.

    Later detection of breast cancer means the cancer is harder to cure and may have spread to other areas of the body, such as the lymph nodes.

    Warning Signs Of Breast Cancer In Men

    The most common sign of breast cancer in men is a painless lump or thickening in the breast or chest area .

    However, any change in the breast or nipple can be a warning sign of breast cancer in men including :

    • Lump, hard knot or thickening in the breast, chest or underarm area
    • Change in the size or shape of the breast
    • Dimpling, puckering or redness of the skin of the breast
    • Itchy, scaly sore or rash on the nipple
    • Pulling in of the nipple or other parts of the breast
    • Nipple discharge

    These may also be signs of a benign breast condition.

    Because men tend to have much less breast tissue than women, some of these signs can be easier to notice in men than in women.

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    Men And Breast Cancer: Statistics

    According to the American Cancer Society:

    • Breast cancer in men is rare less than 1 percent of all breast cancer occurs in men.

    • About 2,350 new cases of invasive breast cancer were diagnosed in men in the U.S in 2015.

    • Breast cancer is about 100 times more common in women.

    • About 440 men in the U.S. died from breast cancer in 2015.

    Some people use statistics to figure out their chances of getting cancer. Or they use them to try to figure out their chance of being cured. Because no two people are alike, statistics cant be used to predict what will happen to one person. These statistics describe large groups of people. They dont take into account a person’s own risk factors, such as family history, behaviors, or cancer screenings. If you have questions, talk with your healthcare provider.

    I Was Allowed Home A Few Days Later With The Two Drains Sticking Out Of My Body

    After the usual chemotherapy and radiotherapy, Goel was ...

    I started coughing and told my wife that these drains would fall out. There is nothing worse than a sick male believe me, my poor wife called friends of ours in the medical profession to please come and help her make sure the drains did not fall out. They showed her how to change the dressing, empty and count the contents of the drains and assured both of us that all was as it should be.

    The following weekend my wifes family arrived out of the blue for a visit, mother-in-law included! Then I learned my family would be coming up during the next two months for a visit. I kept very quiet after that, I just sat there letting my frustration build up inside. By the time everyone had gone home, I asked my wife why no one had the guts to tell me I was going to die, and how long had I actually been given? The poor woman was so taken aback by my thoughts that she had no answer.

    How selfish I was at that time I never thought that maybe she also needed support it was not all about me.

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