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Can Stage 3 Breast Cancer Be Cured

Patients Can Enter Clinical Trials Before During Or After Starting Their Cancer Treatment

Treatment Options for Stage III (3) Breast Cancer

Some clinical trials only include patients who have not yet received treatment. Other trials test treatments for patients whose cancer has not gotten better. There are also clinical trials that test new ways to stop cancer from recurring or reduce the side effects of cancer treatment.

Clinical trials are taking place in many parts of the country. Information about clinical trials supported by NCI can be found on NCIs clinical trials search webpage. Clinical trials supported by other organizations can be found on the ClinicalTrials.gov website.

How Do Healthcare Providers Diagnose Lobular Breast Cancer

Healthcare providers may do the following tests to diagnose this condition:

  • Mammogram. This test is a low-dose X-ray that detects abnormalities in your breast tissue.
  • Ultrasound. This imaging test uses sound waves to capture pictures of your breast tissue. Ultrasound may be used as a standalone test or in combination with mammography.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging . Your healthcare provider may request an MRI, which uses radio waves and magnets to take detailed pictures inside of your body.
  • Biopsy. In order to confirm the cancer is present, your healthcare provider may take a small sample of breast tissue and send it to a pathology lab for analysis.

What are the stages of invasive lobular carcinoma?

Healthcare providers use cancer staging systems to plan treatment. Invasive lobular carcinoma is divided into four stages. Staging is based on several factors, including the size of the tumor, where its located and how far it has spread:

Treatment Of Ductal Carcinoma In Situ

For information about the treatments listed below, see the Treatment Option Overview section.

Use our clinical trial search to find NCI-supported cancer clinical trials that are accepting patients. You can search for trials based on the type of cancer, the age of the patient, and where the trials are being done. General information about clinical trials is also available.

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What Is Stage 2 Breast Cancer

Also known as invasive breast cancer, the tumor in this stage measures between 2 cm to 5 cm, or the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes under the arm on the same side as the breast cancer. Stage 2 breast cancer indicates a slightly more advanced form of the disease. At this stage, the cancer cells have spread beyond the original location and into the surrounding breast tissue, and the tumor is larger than in stage 1 disease. However, stage 2 means the cancer has not spread to a distant part of the body.

At stage 2, a tumor may be detected during a breast self-exam as a hard lump within the breast. Breast self-exams and routine screening are always important and can often lead to early diagnosis, when the cancer is most treatable.

Stage 2 breast cancer is divided into two categories:

Stage 2A: One of the following is true:

  • There is no tumor within the breast, but cancer has spread to the axillary lymph nodes, or
  • The tumor in the breast is 2 cm or smaller and cancer has spread to the axillary lymph nodes, or
  • The tumor in the breast measures 2 cm to 5 cm but cancer has not spread to the axillary lymph nodes.

Stage 2B: One of the following is true:

  • The tumor measures 2 cm to 5 cm and cancer has spread to the axillary lymph nodes, or
  • The tumor is larger than 5 cm but cancer has not spread to the axillary lymph nodes.

At stage 2, TNM designations help describe the extent of the disease. Most commonly, stage 2 breast cancer is described as:

A Note About Sex And Gender

Breast Cancer: Causes, Risk Factors, Symptoms, Types, &  Treatment

Sex and gender exist on spectrums. This article will use the terms male, female, or both to refer to sex assigned at birth. .

An individuals life expectancy depends on various factors besides the cancer stage.

Some life expectancy measures assess the size of present tumors and how far the cancer cells have spread. However, advancements in tumor biology have changed life expectancy calculations.

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Stage 3 Cancer Prognosis

Cancer survival rates are projected using several criteria, including:

  • The patient’s overall health prior to starting cancer treatment
  • The type of cancer
  • The patient’s age
  • The cancer grade

The patient’s care team will provide a prognosis after evaluating these factors. Many patients with stage 3 cancer live for years.

The Use Of Certain Medicines And Other Factors Decrease The Risk Of Breast Cancer

Anything that decreases your chance of getting a disease is called a protective factor.

Protective factors for breast cancer include the following:

  • Taking any of the following:
  • Having any of the following procedures:
  • Mastectomy to reduce the risk of cancer.
  • Oophorectomy to reduce the risk of cancer.
  • Ovarian ablation.
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    How Do Healthcare Providers Treat Lobular Breast Cancer

    There are two main categories of ILC treatment local and systemic. Local treatments target the tumor and the surrounding areas, while systemic treatments travel through your body to kill any cancer cells that have spread throughout it.

    Local treatments for invasive lobular carcinoma

    Local treatments include:

    • Surgery. This is usually the first line of treatment recommended for invasive lobular carcinoma. A lumpectomy or mastectomy is performed to remove the tumor. During the procedure, your surgeon will also check to see if the cancer has spread to your lymph nodes.
    • Radiation therapy. This treatment focuses high-energy radiation rays at your breast, underarm regions and surrounding areas. Radiation therapy is often recommended after surgery to destroy any remaining cancer cells.

    Systemic treatments for lobular breast cancer

    Systemic treatments include:

    What are treatment side effects?

    As with any cancer treatment, people who undergo treatment for invasive lobular carcinoma may experience some side effects. These side effects depend on the type of treatment you undergo, how advanced your cancer is, your bodys healing capacity and other factors.

    People who undergo surgery for invasive lobular carcinoma may develop infections, blood clots, allergies to anesthesia or other complications. Radiation therapy is often associated with fatigue, nausea and skin irritation.

    People who undergo chemotherapy may develop several side effects, including:

    • Fertility problems.

    What Does Cancer Grade Mean

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    Breast cancers are given a grade according to:

    • How different the cancer cells are to normal breast cells
    • How quickly they are growing

    The grade of a cancer is different to the cancer stage.

    A cancers grade is determined when a doctor looks at the cancer cells under a microscope, using tissue from a biopsy or after breast cancer surgery.

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    What Is The Meaning Of Breast Cancer

    The breast cancer type describes how a cancer grows and what treatments are likely to be most effective. In 2018, the American Joint Committee on Cancer released updated staging definitions for this type of breast cancer that include biological factors such as tumor grade to better clarify the situation.

    Talk To Your Doctor To Find Out What Your Breast Cancer Stage Is And How It Is Used To Plan The Best Treatment For You

    After surgery, your doctor will receive a pathology report that describes the size and location of the primary tumor, the spread of cancer to nearby lymph nodes, tumor grade, and whether certain biomarkers are present. The pathology report and other test results are used to determine your breast cancer stage.

    You are likely to have many questions. Ask your doctor to explain how staging is used to decide the best options to treat your cancer and whether there are clinical trials that might be right for you.

    The treatment of breast cancer depends partly on the stage of the disease.

    For treatment options for stage IIIB, inoperable stage IIIC, and inflammatory breast cancer, see Treatment of Locally Advanced Inflammatory Breast Cancer.

    For treatment options for cancer that has recurred near the area where it first formed , see Treatment of Locoregional Recurrent Breast Cancer.

    For treatment options for stage IV breast cancer or breast cancer that has recurred in distant parts of the body, see Treatment of Metastatic Breast Cancer.

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    Whos Affected By Lobular Breast Cancer

    Women and people assigned female at birth who are age 55 and older are most likely to develop invasive lobular carcinoma. Men and people who are assigned male at birth can develop ILC, too, though its rare. Transwomen have a higher risk of developing breast cancer than cisgender men. Conversely, transmen have a lower risk compared to cisgender women.

    Unlike invasive ductal carcinoma , invasive lobular carcinoma usually occurs later in life. Many people are in their early 60s at the time of their diagnosis.

    Radiation Therapy And Sun Exposure

    THE MARGINALIZATION OF THE METASTATIC BREAST CANCER PATIENT

    During radiation treatment, its best to keep the treated area completely out of the sun. This can be especially difficult if youre having radiation therapy in areas or seasons with warmer weather. To help avoid sun exposure:

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      Wear clothing or a bathing suit with a high neckline, or wear a rash guard top.

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      Try to keep the area covered whenever you go outside. An oversized cotton shirt works well and allows air to circulate around the treated area.

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      Avoid chlorine, which is very drying and can make any skin reactions youre having worse. Chlorine is used to disinfect most pools and hot tubs.

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      If you do want to swim in a pool, you might want to spread petroleum jelly on the treated area to keep the chlorine away from your skin.

    After your radiation treatment is completed, the treated skin may be more sensitive to the sun than it was in the past, so you might need to take extra protective steps when you go out in the sun:

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    The Tnm System The Grading System And Biomarker Status Are Combined To Find Out The Breast Cancer Stage

    Here are 3 examples that combine the TNM system, the grading system, and the biomarker status to find out the Pathological Prognostic breast cancer stage for a woman whose first treatment was surgery:

    If the tumor size is 30 millimeters , has not spread to nearby lymph nodes , has not spread to distant parts of the body , and is:

    The cancer is stage IV .

    What Is The Survival Rate For Third Stage Cancer

    Type of Cancer: Five Year Survival Rate for Stage 3: Bladder Cancer: About 46-50%: Myeloma Cancer: About 10-25%: Cervical Cancer: About 56-70%: Ovarian Cancer: About 40-43%: Colon Cancer: About 44-83%: Breast Cancer: About 54-67%: Uterus Cancer: About 30-40%: Vaginal Cancer: About 20-30%: Prostate Cancer: About 70-80%: Lung Cancer: About 10-23%

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    Can You Live A Long Life After Stage 3 Breast Cancer

    According to the National Cancer Institute , the survival rate for females with stage 3 breast cancer over a 5-year period is approximately 86% . A 5-year survival rate is a measure of a persons chance of living 5 years after their cancer diagnosis compared with a person who does not have breast cancer.

    What Is Stage Iv Breast Cancer

    Odds Of Surviving Stage 3 Breast Cancer

    Stage IV is the most advanced stage of breast cancer. It has spread to nearby lymph nodes and to distant parts of the body beyond the breast. This means it possibly involves your organs such as the lungs, liver, or brain or your bones.

    Breast cancer may be stage IV when it is first diagnosed, or it can be a recurrence of a previous breast cancer that has spread.

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    How Long Does Chemo Last For Stage 3 Breast Cancer

    Each treatment session is followed by a period of recovery. Typically, if you have early-stage breast cancer, youll undergo chemotherapy treatments for three to six months, but your doctor will adjust the timing to your circumstances. If you have advanced breast cancer, treatment may continue beyond six months.

    Stage 3a Breast Cancer

    If you are diagnosed with Stage 3A breast cancer, it means that one of the following applies to you:

    Either:

    The tumour is less than 5 cm and breast cancer cells have been found in:

    • 4-9 lymph nodes in the armpit. or
    • 1 or more lymph nodes under the breastbone

    The tumour is larger than 5 cm and breast cancer cells have spread to 1-9 lymph nodes.

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    What Are The Different Grades Of Breast Cancer

    There are three grades of invasive breast cancer:

    • Grade 1 looks most like normal breast cells and is usually slow growing
    • Grade 2 looks less like normal cells and is growing faster
    • Grade 3 looks different to normal breast cells and is usually fast growing

    Sometimes the grade given to a cancer after a biopsy can change after surgery. This is because after surgery theres more tissue for the pathologist to look at, which can give them more detailed information about the cancer.

    Treatment Of Metastatic Breast Cancer

    Risk Factors Of Breast Cancer Causes

    For information about the treatments listed below, see the Treatment Option Overview section.

    Treatment options for metastaticbreast cancer may include the following:

    Hormone therapy

    In postmenopausal women who have just been diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer that is hormone receptor positive or if the hormone receptor status is not known, treatment may include:

    Use our clinical trial search to find NCI-supported cancer clinical trials that are accepting patients. You can search for trials based on the type of cancer, the age of the patient, and where the trials are being done. General information about clinical trials is also available.

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    After Breast Cancer Has Been Diagnosed Tests Are Done To Find Out If Cancer Cells Have Spread Within The Breast Or To Other Parts Of The Body

    The process used to find out whether the cancer has spread within the breast or to other parts of the body is called staging. The information gathered from the staging process determines thestage of the disease. It is important to know the stage in order to plan treatment. The results of some of the tests used to diagnosebreast cancer are also used to stage the disease.

    The following tests and procedures also may be used in the staging process:

    Can Breast Cancer Be Treated Without Surgery Md Anderson Wants To Find Out

    For decades, nearly 100% of breast cancer patients have been treated with surgery, but now clinicians are charting new territory and investigating ways to de-escalate breast cancer treatment, Lucette Lagnado reports for the Wall Street Journal.

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    How Do I Know Which Breast Cancer Treatment To Choose

    Your doctor will think about a few things before they recommend a treatment for you:

    • The type of breast cancer you have
    • The size of your tumor and how far the cancer has spread in your body, called the stage of your disease
    • Whether your tumor has things called receptors for HER2 protein, estrogen, and progesterone, or other specific features.

    Your age, whether youâve gone through menopause, other health conditions you have, and your personal preferences also play a role in this decision-making process.

    If Cancer Is Found Tests Are Done To Study The Cancer Cells

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    • how quickly the cancer may grow.
    • how likely it is that the cancer will spread through the body.
    • how well certain treatments might work.
    • how likely the cancer is to recur .

    Tests include the following:

    Based on these tests, breast cancer is described as one of the following types:

    This information helps the doctor decide which treatments will work best for your cancer.

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    Treatment For Breast Cancer May Cause Side Effects

    For information about side effects that begin during treatment for cancer, see our Side Effects page.

    Some treatments for breast cancer may cause side effects that continue or appear months or years after treatment has ended. These are called late effects.

    Late effects of radiation therapy are not common, but may include:

    • Inflammation of the lung after radiation therapy to the breast, especially when chemotherapy is given at the same time.
    • Arm lymphedema, especially when radiation therapy is given after lymph node dissection. For more information, see Lymphedema.
    • In women younger than 45 years who receive radiation therapy to the chest wall after mastectomy, there may be a higher risk of developing breast cancer in the other breast.

    Late effects of chemotherapy depend on the drugs used, but may include:

    Late effects of targeted therapy with trastuzumab, lapatinib, or pertuzumab may include:

    • Heart problems such as heart failure.

    What Are The 5 Stages Of Cancer

    Stage I: Cancer is localized to a small area and hasnt spread to lymph nodes or other tissues. Stage II: Cancer has grown, but it hasnt spread. Stage III: Cancer has grown larger and has possibly spread to lymph nodes or other tissues. Stage IV: Cancer has spread to other organs or areas of your body.

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