Why Does It Take So Long For Bia
Most people who are diagnosed with BIA-ALCL have their cancer develop 8 to 10 years after breast implant surgery. Although the exact cause of BIA-ALCL is not known, it is believed that some breast implant material can cause lasting irritation inside the body and cause the immune system to overreact.
Medical professionals are still doing research into what mechanisms cause BIA-ALCL and why. What researchers do know is that the cancer is exceedingly rare. Right now, there are about 10 million women worldwide with breast implants. But there are only about 10 women per year that get diagnosed with BIA-ALCL.
What makes BIA-ALCL notable is that it is not actually a form of breast cancer. It develops in the scar tissue between the breasts and implants themselves before spreading to other parts of the body. If the cancer can be caught before it spreads throughout the body, the prognosis for recovery is generally good.
Should My Implants Be Removed Even Though I Have No Symptoms
Medical experts do not recommend removing your breast implants if you do not have symptoms of BIA ALCL, even if your implants are no longer supplied in Australia. This is because BIA ALCL is a rare cancer with excellent cure rates if it is detected early.
The risk of developing BIA ALCL is lower than the risks associated with an anaesthetic and surgery. The complication rate of revision surgery involving implant removal or replacement is also higher with each revision procedure.
Generally, breast implants are not lifetime devices, regardless of breast implant associated cancer. Typically they are removed after 10-15 years. The longer you have the implant, the more likely it will need to be removed. Common reasons for removal are contracture or movement of the implant.
Breast implant associated cancer is rare, but the risk is higher with certain types of breast implants. If you do not remember whether your implants are smooth or textured, or what brand they are, your surgeon or the clinic that holds your operation record should be able to advise you on these details.
It is best to discuss with your surgeon what they would recommend in their clinical opinion given the type of implant you have and the benefits versus risks of removal of implants in a healthy person with no symptoms. You can also discuss a plan for regular check ups. You can seek a second opinion to help you decide on options, or if you are unsure or concerned about the advice you receive from your surgeon.
Questions About The Materials In Implants
A key question that needs further investigation is whether some people may be predisposed to having a reaction to the materials in breast implants, causing inflammation and autoimmune problems. While the exact cause of BII and BIA-ALCL isnt known, some researchers have theorized that an inflammatory reaction could play a role in both conditions.
Its clear that women whove had breast implants with a textured surface have a greater risk of developing BIA-ALCL compared to women who have only ever had implants with a smooth surface. But researchers dont know why. Some have theorized that the rough surface of textured implants might cause chronic inflammation that can lead to lymphoma. Others have proposed that the rough surface and greater surface area traps more bacteria, creating a biofilm that causes inflammation and leads to lymphoma.
Some doctors consider saline-filled implants to be a safer choice for women who are concerned about the potential health risks of breast implants. If a saline-filled implant ruptures or its valve fails, its fairly easy to detect the leak because the breast will quickly appear deflated. Also, the saline that leaks out will be absorbed by the body.
However, it’s important to know that all women with breast implants are exposed to silicone to some degree, because both silicone and saline implants have a silicone shell.
Read Also: Breast Cancer Mayo
Know The Risks Of Breast Implants
FDA-approved implants undergo extensive testing before approval to demonstrate reasonable assurance of safety and effectiveness. Still, there are risks associated with all breast implants, including:
- Additional surgeries
- Rupture of saline and silicone gel-filled implants
- Deflation of saline-filled implants
- Silent rupture of silicone gel-filled implants
The silicone used for breast implants is different than injectable silicone. Injectable silicone is not FDA-approved for breast augmentation, breast reconstruction, or for body contouring.
Patients Must Be Warned Of Breast Implant Risks Fda Says
A decade after scientists identified a link between certain implants and cancer, the agency ordered black box warnings and a new checklist of risks for patients to review.
- Read in app
Send any friend a story
As a subscriber, you have 10 gift articles to give each month. Anyone can read what you share.
Give this article
- Read in app
Federal regulators on Wednesday placed so-called black box warnings on breast implant packaging and told manufacturers to sell the devices only to health providers who review the potential risks with patients before surgery.
Both the warnings and a new checklist that advises patients of the risks and side effects state that breast implants have been linked to a cancer of the immune system and to a host of other chronic medical conditions, including autoimmune diseases, joint pain, mental confusion, muscle aches and chronic fatigue.
Startlingly, the checklist identifies particular types of patients who are at higher risk for illness after breast implant surgery. The group includes breast cancer patients who have had, or plan to have, chemotherapy or radiation treatments.
That represents a large percentage of women who until now were encouraged to have breast reconstruction with implants following their treatment.
They say things like, Breast implants are associated with lymphoma, but lymphoma is actually caused by the implants, Dr. Zuckerman said. People understand it if you say, Breast implants can cause lymphoma.
Also Check: Signs Of Stage 3 Breast Cancer
The Truth About Breast Implant
May 31, 2017
New York TimesThis does not mean the breast cancer comes back
- BIA-ALCL is rare. One in 30,000 women with textured-surface breast implants may develop it. The FDA has reported 359 cases of BIA-ALCL in the United States as of February 1, 2017, and nine women have died from the disease.
- Breast implants are safe. In fact, theyre among the most-studied devices in medicine. BIA-ALCL appears to be associated with textured-surface breast implants only, which account for a small number of implants.
- Getting breast implants is a personal choice. If you choose to do it, well make sure you are well-informed of the benefits, risks, and available options.
Though BIA-ALCL is rare, its important that women familiarize themselves with the symptoms, how we diagnose and treat the disease, and the health follow-up guidelines we recommend if you choose to get breast implants after breast cancer surgery.
Surgical Mesh To Support The Implant
During the operation, your surgeon may also use a surgical mesh called an acellular dermal matrix . This helps to keep the implant in place and create a natural droop.
The mesh can be synthetic or made from pig skin or cow skin. Using pig or cow skin might not be acceptable to some women. Talk to your surgeon if this applies to you.
In women with large breasts, the surgeon can reduce the size of the opposite breast and use some of the spare skin to cover and support the implant instead of using ADM.
Read Also: Stage Four Breast Cancer Treatment
Are Silicones Helpful To Your Skin
Silicones are best known for their occlusive properties, which is a fancy way of saying that they form a barrier-like coating on the skin thats resistant to both water and air. Zeichner likens it to a breathable film. Used medically, silicones have been proven to help heal wounds and improve scarring, says Dr.
Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma
BIA-ALCL is a rarely occurring condition and is a type of non-Hodgkins lymphoma. It can happen to women who have either types of breast implants.
Back in 2011, the FDA suspected linkage of this cancer to breast implants. They thought the statistics were 1 in a million, which is a superbly low number. But in recent years, that numbers gone up with more cases discovered.
But you shouldnt worry too much about BIA-ALCL affecting you. Even though stats are showing numbers are higher than thought, only 414 women with implants have reported having cancer. This means the chances of you getting this type of cancers is almost impossible.
Even if you do manage to develop BIA-ALCL, its a very curable condition. Most cases of this cancer were diagnosed within seven to eight years of the procedure. Its important to get checkups with your doctor regularly so they can catch this cancer and treat it in its early stages before it gets too serious.
BIA-ALCL seems to happen more often in textured vs smooth implants, so if youre still considering them, you may want to lean towards getting smooth implants.
Textured implants reduce the chances of your implants moving around since they promote adherence of scar tissue to the implant. But smooth implants have the softest texture, so also keep that in mind when youre deciding on the implants you want.
You May Like: Estrogen Negative Progesterone Positive Breast Cancer
Special Report: Breast Implant Illness And Bia
2019 was a watershed year for awareness about certain risks associated with breast implants: breast implant illness and breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma . In this Special Report from Breastcancer.org, we have compiled the most important information you need to know about BII and BIA-ALCL, from risk factors, symptoms, and treatment, to the work of patients and advocates that led to product recalls and new safety recommendations from the FDA.
Robyn Towt was an active, energetic mom of two teenaged boys when she was diagnosed with breast cancer at the age of 44 and had a double mastectomy. At the time of her diagnosis, in 2017, she walked several miles a day for exercise and loved to go waterskiing with her sons near their home in Arizona.
She opted for breast reconstruction with smooth-surfaced, silicone gel-filled implants, but as soon as she woke up from that surgery, she says, I knew something wasnt right. In the days and weeks that followed, she developed mysterious, debilitating symptoms migraines, extreme fatigue, insomnia, rashes, dizziness, hair loss, breathing problems, and burning pain in her chest, neck, and shoulder.
I was shocked by how much better I felt once the implants were out, she says. And I wanted to tell the world because if this happened to me, how many other women whove had breast cancer is this happening to?
What Happens When A Breast Implant Ruptures
Breast implants may rupture after surgery inside of your body, leading to pain and changes in the appearance of your breast. You may experience swollen, irritated tissue and additional symptoms, such as lumps or hardening of the breast.
Silent ruptures do not result in symptoms, and you may not notice that you have a rupture at all. This is because the silicone inside the implant tends to stay in the surrounding tissue, which traps it from causing pain to other areas in your breast. Your plastic surgeon can provide guidance on whether you should remove the implant.
The good news is that while a ruptured breast implant may cause irritation and swelling, the issue is not likely to cause breast cancer. In addition, it isnt likely that you will develop a reproductive issue or a connective tissue disease after suffering a breast implant rupture.
Also Check: Chemotherapy For Invasive Ductal Carcinoma
Fda Reports New Cases Of Cancer Illnesses Linked To Breast Implants
As part of its safety surveillance efforts, the FDA has published new data on harmful side effects associated with breast implants, including certain cases of cancer as well as what patients have termed breast implant illnessa collection of symptoms that can include fatigue, memory loss, confusion, rashes and joint pain.
The agencys analysis covers medical device reports through the latter half of 2019, adding 160 new cases and three deaths due to breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma, or BIA-ALCL, a cancer of the immune system typically found in the scar tissue and fluid surrounding an implant.
This brings the FDAs worldwide total up to 733 cases and 36 deaths, including 620 cases tied to implants manufactured by Allergan, the agency said.
In late July 2019, Allergan launched a global recall of its textured breast implantsincluding in its Biocell and Natrelle product lines of saline- and silicone-filled implants and tissue expandersafter the FDA saw a spike in BIA-ALCL cases, which the agency has been tracking since 2011.
While the overall incidence of BIA-ALCL is low, the cancer can be fatal if not diagnosed and treated early, according to the FDA, such as with surgery to remove the implant and the surrounding scar tissue or with radiation and chemotherapy.
How You Have Tissue Expansion
For an immediate reconstruction, your surgeon removes the breast tissue and fits a tissue expander implant under the skin and muscles of your chest. If you have this as a delayed procedure the surgeon usually places the expander implant through the mastectomy scar.
A couple of weeks after surgery when the scars have healed they inflate it a little at a time. They do this by putting sterile saline through a valve attached to the implant.
You go back to the hospital every couple of weeks to have more saline added. It usually takes 8 to 12 weeks to stretch the skin enough. The whole process can take about 3 to 6 months.
There are two ways of doing this:
- stretching the skin enough with fluid in the expander and then replacing it with a permanent implant
- leaving the silicone covered expander in place
The advantage to replacing the expander with a silicone implant is that the silicone gel implant has a more natural feel than the silicone covered fluid in the expander. But keeping the fluid filled expander means that you don’t need to have a second operation.
If you are having the expander left in, your surgeon inflates it until it is slightly larger than your natural size. They leave it for 2 to 3 months. Then the surgeon deflates it to the right size by removing some of the saline. This gives your breast a natural droop. Your surgeon removes the valve when the breast has settled. This is usually as a day case.
You May Like: Stage 3 Lymphatic Cancer
Have You Developed Symptoms
The most common symptoms are unexplained breast enlargement, asymmetry, fluid buildup or a lump in the breast or armpit, but may be rarely more subtle such as overlying skin rash, hardening of the breast. Women who develop these symptoms should see their physician to be evaluated with a physical exam and further testing.
Communicate With Your Surgeon
Surgeons will discuss the shape, size, surface texture, placement of the implant, and the incision site for each person. Ask your surgeon questions about their experience in performing breast implant surgeries, the surgical procedure, and the ways the implant might affect your life.
Tell your surgeon about previous surgeries and your bodys response. For example, discuss whether surgeries resulted in a more than expected amount of scar tissue. Also, discuss your expectations. These discussions will help you and the surgeon make decisions that achieve the desired appearance, including decisions about incision location and size, as well as implant size, material, texture, and placement.
Many patients have additional operations to change implant size. To achieve the best results after the first procedure, careful planning and reasonable expectations are necessary.
Read Also: Stage 2 3 Breast Cancer
Risks Of Illness From Breast Implants
In the past, there were concerns about possible health issues from ruptured silicone-filled implants, such as connective tissue disease, breast cancer, or reproductive problems. So far, studies show that silicone implants do not increase the risk of these health problems. Some people with breast implants may have symptoms of joint pain, memory loss, or fatigue. It is not clear if these symptoms are related to the breast implants and more research is being done.
Do Breast Implants Cause Cancer
February 9, 2019 by Brian Mahany
In February, the Food and Drug Administration sent a letter to healthcare professionals warning of the association between breast implants and Breast Implant Associated- Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma .
According to the letter, The FDA received reports indicating that patients with breast implants have an increased risk of developing this disease within the scar capsule adjacent to the implant. We want all healthcare providers to be aware of BIA ALCL, particularly in patients with new swelling, lumps, or pain around breast implants, to expedite diagnosis of this malignancy. We are also asking health care providers to report to the FDA cases of BIA ALCL in patients with breast implants. This includes reporting individual cases as well as rates you may have experienced during your practice.
In July, 2019, the FDA requested that Allergan recall their BIOCELL textured breast implants.
What is Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma ?
BIA-ALCL is a type of cancer that occurs when white blood cells called T-cells develop abnormally. It is treated with chemotherapy and steroids. Sometimes doctors also use radiation treatment or stem cell therapy. ALCL can be fatal if untreated but patients receiving timely treatment usually report full remission.
Unlike breast cancer, BIA-ALCL doesnt form in the tissue of the breast. Instead, it forms in the fibrous scar called a capsule that develops around the implant.
History of Breast Implant Regulation
You May Like: What Happens If Breast Cancer Is Not Treated