What Are The Types Of Breast Cancer
The most common types of breast cancer are:
- Infiltrating ductal carcinoma. This cancer starts in the milk ducts of the breast. It then breaks through the wall of the duct and invades the surrounding tissue in the breast. This is the most common form of breast cancer, accounting for 80% of cases.
- Ductal carcinoma in situ is ductal carcinoma in its earliest stage, or precancerous . In situ refers to the fact that the cancer hasn’t spread beyond its point of origin. In this case, the disease is confined to the milk ducts and has not invaded nearby breast tissue. If untreated, ductal carcinoma in situ may become invasive cancer. It is almost always curable.
- Infiltrating lobular carcinoma. This cancer begins in the lobules of the breast where breast milk is produced, but has spread to surrounding tissues in the breast. It accounts for 10 to 15% of breast cancers. This cancer can be more difficult to diagnose with mammograms.
- Lobular carcinoma in situ is a marker for cancer that is only in the lobules of the breast. It isn’t a true cancer, but serves as a marker for the increased risk of developing breast cancer later, possibly in both or either breasts. Thus, it is important for women with lobular carcinoma in situ to have regular clinical breast exams and mammograms.
Family Members With Breast Cancer Or A Breast Cancer Gene
Men who have female relatives with breast cancer have an increased risk of breast cancer, especially if the women are close relatives . The risk also increases if the women were diagnosed at a young age . Men, as well as women, can inherit faulty genes that increase the risk of breast cancer.
Around 2 in 100 breast cancers diagnosed in women are thought to be due directly to an inherited faulty gene . In men, this might be more common. Doctors think that around 5 to 10 out of 100 breast cancers diagnosed in men are due to inherited faulty genes . In men with breast cancer, changes in the BRCA2 faulty gene are more common than BRCA1.
What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Breast Cancer
Breast cancer may not always show any sign in its early stage. But whenever it does, the following are the most commonly reported:
- A lump that feels different from the rest of the breast.
- Discharge from nipple other than breast milk
- Rash on or around the nipple
- Breast swelling
- Obvious asymmetry between the two breasts
- Red and hot skin
- Growth of the vein over the breast
- Pulling or puckering of the skin under the tumor
- Retraction of the skin on the breast
- Nipple retraction
- Destruction of the skin
Remember that these symptoms could also be a sign of some other health issue. So refrain from self-diagnosing and get yourself checked by a professional.
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Cancer Growth And Stages
Cancer is a clump of abnormal cells in a tissue, usually due to a genetic mutation that lets them grow out of control. These out-of-control cells form lumps of mutated tissue called tumors. When these form from the tissue of the breasts, theyre classified as breast cancer.
Inside female breasts, there are 15 to 20 lobes of tissue made up of lobules containing milk-producing glands and ducts that transport it to the nipple. Cancers can start anywhere, but they usually arise from the cells in the ducts or lobules.
Cancer can spread through the circulatory system to the lymph nodes, which they can use like bus stations to spread to the rest of the body. There are many lymph nodes near the breastsaround the chest, neck, and armpits.
Many times cancer will spread to these nodes from the breasts this is called regionally spreading. Cancer that has spread further than those nodes is called metastatic breast cancer.
When youre diagnosed with breast cancer, your cancer gets “staged.” Doctors stage your breast cancer based on the tumor’s size, its characteristics, and its spread. Staging lets doctors compare different patients, how their treatment worked, and what happened after treatment.
Stages go from 0 to IV depending on how large the original tumor is, how many lymph nodes have been colonized with cancer, and how far it has spread to other areas of the body.
What Is Yale Medicines Approach To Detecting And Treating Breast Cancer In Men
Our radiologists are uniquely qualified to diagnose even the rarest forms of breast cancer, including male breast cancerearly and accurately. Our radiologists who subspecialize in breast imaging are among the most highly skilled leaders in the field. They are nationally and internationally recognized for their skill in diagnosing breast cancer. Additionally, our radiologists conduct research on 3D mammography and dense breast imaging, which is advancing the field of radiology.
A man with a breast-related complaint will be scheduled for a diagnostic mammogram and ultrasound within a few days, Dr. Andrejeva-Wright says. If a suspicious mass is seen, then a needle biopsy is scheduled soon after. If a diagnosis of breast cancer is made, our intake specialists coordinate all necessary appointments with the patient as soon as possible, so that treatment can begin quickly.
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From Cured To Stage 4
Others, like Teri Pollastro, a 54-year-old stage 4 patient from Seattle, respond surprisingly well.
Diagnosed with early stage ductal carcinoma in situ in 1999, Pollastro underwent a mastectomy but did not receive chemotherapy, radiation or tamoxifen, since her cancer was ER negative.
âThey used the C-word with me, they told me I was cured,â she said. âEvery time I went back to my oncologist, he would roll his eyes at me when I had questions.â
In 2003, Pollastro switched to Seattle Cancer Care Alliance where she saw Dr. Julie Gralow, a breast cancer oncologist and clinical researcher at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center. Gralow discovered Pollastroâs cancer had metastasized to her liver.
âMy husband and I were in shock,â said Pollastro of her mets diagnosis. âYou donât go from being cured to stage 4.â
Pollastro went on Herceptin, a type of immunotherapy for women with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer, and did six months of chemotherapy.
âI felt better right away with the treatment,â she said. âBut the problem is, it stopped . Thatâs what you can expect with mets. And thereâs always some residual cancer. And that starts percolating.â
And along with mets, she also had to deal with many misconceptions regarding her disease.
The Mercer Island, Washington, mother of two, who often counsels newly diagnosed patients, sometimes even found it difficult to relate to early stage breast cancer survivors.
Men Can And Should Get Tested For Male Breast Cancer Too
Breast cancer screenings are mainly marketed towards women, but men can go for them too. As the occurrence of male breast cancer itself is already very minimal, there isnt really a need to go for screenings as frequent as women. But itll do you good to perform a breast self-exam from time to time to check that there are no irregularities especially if youre at high risk.If you find anything suspicious, visit your doctor immediately. Youll be given a clinical breast exam, and in some cases, a mammogram to scan for any malignant tumours.
Most Deadly Types Of Cancer In The World
The number of people who die from cancer every year is very large and it doesnt seem like its dropping anytime soon. The reason for the continuous upsurge is that more new cases of cancer appear each year.
According to Cancer Facts & Figures , in 2020, an estimated number of 1.8 million new cases of cancer were envisaged to be diagnosed. It is predicted that out of this number approximately 606,520 people will have died from cancer which equals about a 40% death rate.
In all, there are five different types of cancer that cause the most deaths in the world today. These cancers account for about 30% of all cancer-related deaths and take millions of lives each year.
They include lung, breast, prostate, colorectal, and stomach cancer. The prognosis for these cancers varies depending on several factors such as age at diagnosis, stage at diagnosis, and treatment type.
Male Breast Cancer Fact: There Is Treatment For Male Breast Cancer
While every patient is different, the protocol for screening for and treating breast cancer in men and women is pretty much the same. “When a man comes in with a breast mass, we frequently will do the same thing as we do with women: Get a mammogram and an ultrasound,” says Dr. Boolbol. This will tell your doctor whether or not a biopsy is needed to check for cancer cells.
If there’s a breast cancer diagnosis, the next step is typically surgery. “Most men undergo a mastectomy, even if they have very little breast tissue,” says Dr. Giordano. The surgeon will then do a biopsy of the lymph nodes in the underarm to make sure no cancer has spread, she says. This is often followed by chemotherapy and radiation if needed.
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What Is A 5
A relative survival rate compares people with the same type and stage of cancer to people in the overall population. For example, if the 5-year relative survival rate for a specific stage of breast cancer in men is 80%, it means that men who have that cancer are, on average, about 80% as likely as men who dont have that cancer to live for at least 5 years after being diagnosed.
What Are The Warning Signs Of Breast Cancer
- A lump or thickening in or near the breast or in the underarm that persists through the menstrual cycle.
- A mass or lump, which may feel as small as a pea.
- A change in the size, shape, or contour of the breast.
- A blood-stained or clear fluid discharge from the nipple.
- A change in the look or feel of the skin on the breast or nipple .
- Redness of the skin on the breast or nipple.
- An area that is distinctly different from any other area on either breast.
- A marble-like hardened area under the skin.
These changes may be found when performing monthly breast self-exams. By performing breast self-exams, you can become familiar with the normal monthly changes in your breasts.
Breast self-examination should be performed at the same time each month, three to five days after your menstrual period ends. If you have stopped menstruating, perform the exam on the same day of each month.
Men And Breast Cancer: Statistics
According to the American Cancer Society:
Breast cancer in men is rare less than 1 percent of all breast cancer occurs in men.
About 2,350 new cases of invasive breast cancer were diagnosed in men in the U.S in 2015.
Breast cancer is about 100 times more common in women.
About 440 men in the U.S. died from breast cancer in 2015.
Some people use statistics to figure out their chances of getting cancer. Or they use them to try to figure out their chance of being cured. Because no two people are alike, statistics cant be used to predict what will happen to one person. These statistics describe large groups of people. They dont take into account a person’s own risk factors, such as family history, behaviors, or cancer screenings. If you have questions, talk with your healthcare provider.
Support For Men With Breast Cancer
Social support is important after a breast cancer diagnosis.
Men with breast cancer may feel isolated. Support groups for breast cancer may only have female members, so joining a support group for men with any type of cancer may be more helpful.
Some organizations offer online support groups and other support resources for men with breast cancer. For example, the American Cancer Societys Cancer Survivors Network has online support for men with breast cancer.
Susan G. Komen® Support Resources
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Outlook For Breast Cancer In Men
The outlook for breast cancer in men varies depending on how far it has spread by the time it’s diagnosed.
It may be possible to cure breast cancer if it’s found early.
A cure is much less likely if the cancer is found after it has spread beyond the breast. In these cases, treatment can relieve your symptoms and help you live longer.
Speak to your breast care nurse if you’d like to know more about the outlook for your cancer.
Male Breast Cancer Fact: Your Family History Male Or Female Can Put You More At Risk
A family history of breast cancermale or femaleputs you at a higher risk than the average dude. According to the American Cancer Society, about one in five men with breast cancer have a close relative who’s also had breast cancer.
In many cases, thats due to inheriting a BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation. Youve probably heard it linked to breast cancer when Angelina Jolie revealed she had it, but it can also put men at risk, too.
While not all breast cancer in men is caused by BRCA gene mutations, it puts you at a significantly higher risk. If you have the BRCA2 gene mutation, your lifetime risk of developing breast cancer jumps to about six in 100. If you have a BRCA1 mutation, the risk is about one in 100, according to the ACS. BRCA mutations also increase the risk for other cancers, including prostate cancer and pancreatic cancer.
So if one of your direct relatives has the gene mutationparents have about a 50 percent chance of passing it onto childrenor you have a strong family history of breast cancer, genetic testing may be a smart move to understand your risk so you can watch for any possible cancer-signaling breast changes, says Dr. Giordano.
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Breast Cancer In Men On The Rise Experts Say
by: Marvin Scott, Nexstar Media Wire
NEW YORK While breast cancer is most commonly found in women, the disease doesnt entirely exclude men.
About one out of every 100 breast cancer cases in the United States is diagnosed in a male, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Its estimated that there will be almost 2,700 new male cases in this country this year. That figure has increased in recent years.
Oncologist Dr. Adriana Suarez-Ligon believes the number of cases has increased because more attention is being given to male breast cancer and men are becoming more conscious of self and doctor examination.
Jim Keegan of Bergen County, New Jersey expressed shock and disbelief back in 2013 when his wife felt a small lump under his skin.
It was something hard and the size of a pea, he told WPIX. We went to our physician and he too didnt like what he felt and said we should have a mammogram.
A biopsy confirmed Keegan had breast cancer. He had a mastectomy and eight years later, he remains in remission.
The most common kinds of breast cancer in men are the same kinds in women: Invasive ductal carcinoma, in which the cancer cells begin in the ducts and then grow outside the ducts into other parts of the breast tissue. According to breastcancer.org, this type makes up about 80% of all breast cancers.
How Much Do Anastrozole And Exemestane Lower The Risk Of Breast Cancer
Studies have shown that both anastrozole and exemestane can lower the risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women who are at increased risk of the disease.
In one large study, taking anastrozole for five years lowered the risk of developing estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer by 53 percent. In another study, taking exemestane for three years lowered the risk of developing estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer by 65 percent.
The most common side effects seen with anastrazole and exemestane are joint pains, decreased bone density, and symptoms of menopause .
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 12/31/2018.
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Breast Cancer In Males
Its time we stop the stigma breast cancer isnt just a womans disease. And just like how we would naturally want to address warning symptoms of other diseases, so should men be attentive to possible signs and risks of breast cancer.Awareness can help in early detection and higher chances of survival, so share this information with your loved ones to keep them in the know.
What Is The Most Common Type Of Breast Cancer In Men
The most common type of breast cancer in men is infiltrating ductal cancer. This is cancer that starts in milk duct and spreads to nearby tissues.
Other less-common types of breast cancer in men include inflammatory carcinoma and Paget disease of the nipple. A type of breast cancer called lobular carcinoma in situ is very rare in men. This is because men don’t have much lobular tissue. Lobular tissue is where breast milk is made.