Changes In Lymph Nodes
Tenderness of swelling in your lymph nodes, the small bean-shaped glands found in your neck, armpits, and other places, often signal that something’s going on in your body. Usually, it means your immune system is fighting a sore throat or cold, but certain cancers can also trigger the changes. Have your doctor check any swelling or tenderness that doesn’t get better in 2 to 4 weeks, Meyers says.
Weight Loss Without Trying
Pants fitting a little looser? If you havent changed your diet or exercise habits, it could mean that stress or a thyroid problem is taking a toll. But losing 10 pounds or more without trying isnt normal. Although most unintended weight loss is not cancer, its one of the signs of cancer of the pancreas, stomach, or lungs. Your doctor can find out more with blood tests and tools that make detailed pictures of the inside of your body, like a CT or PET scan.
Problems When You Pee
Many men have some problems peeing as they get older, like:
- A need to pee more often, especially at night
- Dribbling, leaking, or an urgent need to go
- Trouble starting to pee, or a weak stream
- A burning sensation when they pee
An enlarged prostate gland usually causes these symptoms, but so can prostate cancer. See your doctor to check on the cause of the problem. Theyll give you an exam to look for an enlarged prostate, and they may talk to you about a blood test for prostate cancer.
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Diagnosis Of Breast Cancer
- Breast exam: A manual self-examination or performed by a doctor will simply involve running the fingers on both the breasts and the armpit regions to find any lumps.
- X-ray/Mammogram: It is the most common imaging technique used to find abnormal cell growth in the breast tissue.
- Ultrasound: A breast ultrasound uses sound waves to create an image of the deep-lying breast tissues which will help a doctor distinguish between a benign cyst or a tumor.
- Biopsy: It is a definitive way to confirm the diagnosis of breast cancer. A sample of breast cells is extracted using a specialized needle for pathological examination at the lab.
- PET/MRI: This method uses magnetic and radio waves to create pictures of the interiors of the breast.
What Is The Prognosis For Men With Breast Cancer
It depends on the kind, stage, and type of breast cancer. In general, when male breast cancer is detected at an early stage, men have a similar chance of recovery as women with breast cancer.
However, breast cancer is often diagnosed in men at a later stage because many may not routinely examine their breasts, arent aware that breast cancer can occur in men, or are embarrassed about having a breast-related complaint, says Dr. Andrejeva-Wright.
Later detection of breast cancer means the cancer is harder to cure and may have spread to other areas of the body, such as the lymph nodes.
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Can Men Get Breast Cancer
It may come as a surprise to learn that men can develop breast cancer. Though it is uncommon, breast cancer does occur in men. In Australia, fewer than 1% of breast cancer cases each year are in men.
Men, like women, have breast tissue. Although women have a lot more breast tissue than men and are more likely to develop breast cancer, cancer can also develop in male breast tissue.
About 167 men are diagnosed with breast cancer each year in Australia, and the majority of these men will be diagnosed after the age of 50. With an aging population, it is likely that the number of men diagnosed with breast cancer will continue to increase.
Statistics And Survival Rates
The prognosis for breast cancer in men is similar to that in women.
According to the American Cancer Society, the chances of surviving 5 years or more after diagnosis are, on average:
- 96% when cancer affects only the breast tissue at diagnosis
- 83% when it affects nearby areas as well as the breast
- 23% when it has spread to other parts of the body
For this reason, it is essential to seek help as soon as a person notices changes. Early stage breast cancer responds well to treatment.
Diagnostic methods and treatments have improved in the last few years, and so the chances of living for at least 5 years after diagnosis are probably higher than the above figures for people currently receiving a diagnosis.
If a person notices changes in their breast, they should see a doctor.
The doctor will symptoms and the individuals personal and family medical history, including any history of estrogen use or radiation treatment.
They will also carry out a physical examination.
They may suggest the following tests:
- a mammogram
- a nipple discharge test
- a biopsy
Sometimes, a doctor will recommend removing a lump and carrying out a biopsy at the same time. They may only remove a part of the area that appears to be affected and carry out a test, or they may remove the whole area, including some of the normal breast tissue surrounding it.
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Cancer Symptoms Men Ignore
You eat pretty well and get regular exercise . But if youre like a lot of men, a trip to the doctor isn’t on your to-do list. That can be bad if it means you brush off early signs of cancer.
One of the best ways to fight the disease is to catch it in the early stages, when its more treatable. The problem is that the warning signs for many kinds of cancer can seem pretty mild.
Take a look at these 15 signs and symptoms. Some are linked more strongly to cancer than others, but all are worth knowing about — and even talking over with your doctor.
Outlook For Breast Cancer In Men
The outlook for breast cancer in men varies depending on how far it has spread by the time it’s diagnosed.
It may be possible to cure breast cancer if it’s found early.
A cure is much less likely if the cancer is found after it has spread beyond the breast. In these cases, treatment can relieve your symptoms and help you live longer.
Speak to your breast care nurse if you’d like to know more about the outlook for your cancer.
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What Are The Symptoms Of Breast Cancer In Males
Signs and symptoms of male breast cancer can include: A painless lump or thickening in your breast tissue. Changes to the skin covering your breast, such as dimpling, puckering, redness or scaling. Changes to your nipple, such as redness or scaling, or a nipple that begins to turn inward. Discharge from your nipple.
In New Zealand Around 25 Men Are Diagnosed With Breast Cancer Each Year
Breast cancer in men is the same disease as affects women. Although most of the available information is directed at women it is generally relevant for men too, as the diagnosis, treatment and survival rates for both sexes is very similar.
All men need to know what signs of breast cancer to look for, and to report any breast changes to their GP. For most men, breast cancer doesn’t come to mind when they notice a change in their breasts, which can delay diagnosis. Learn the signs of male breast cancer, so you can detect it early.
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What Are The Types Of Male Breast Cancer
Breast cancer in men usually begins in the breast ducts. Ducts are tubes that carry milk to the nipple. Although men have milk ducts and glands that create milk, they dont work like the ducts and milk-producing glands in women.
The types of male breast cancer include:
- Invasive ductal carcinoma: Cancer begins in the breast ducts and spreads to other parts of the breast. Cancer cells may also spread to other areas of the body. Invasive ductal carcinoma is the most common type of breast cancer in people regardless of gender.
- Invasive lobular carcinoma: Cancer begins in the lobules . Lobular breast cancer can also spread to other parts of the body.
- Ductal carcinoma in situ : Cancer cells grow in the lining of the breast ducts. They have not spread to other parts of the breast or the rest of the body. Ductal carcinoma in situ is uncommon in men.
- Inflammatory breast cancer: Usually a type of invasive ductal carcinoma, inflammatory breast cancer is very rare in men. The breast tissue is swollen and red. It feels warm to the touch, and the skin may be dimpled, but there is no lump.
- Pagets disease of the nipple: Cancer cells grow in the ducts and spread to the nipple and the area around the nipple. Pagets disease of the nipple is also called Pagets disease of the breast or mammary Paget disease.
After Breast Cancer Has Been Diagnosed Tests Are Done To Find Out If Cancer Cells Have Spread Within The Breast Or To Other Parts Of The Body
After breast cancer has been diagnosed, tests are done to find out if cancercells have spread within the breast or to other parts of the body. This process is called staging. The information gathered from the staging process determines the stage of the disease. It is important to know the stage in order to plan treatment. Breast cancer in men is staged the same as it is in women. The spread of cancer from the breast tolymph nodes and other parts of the body appears to be similar in men and women.
The following tests and procedures may be used in the staging process:
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If The Cancer Has Spread Beyond The Breast
Some men are diagnosed with cancer that has already spread. Or the cancer might come back and spread some time after treatment. This is called secondary breast cancer, advanced breast cancer, or metastatic breast cancer.
In this situation your doctor might recommend:
Prevalence Based On Ethnicity
White females are more likely to develop breast cancer than those of other ethnicities. However, Black females are more likely to develop aggressive breast cancer. They are also more likely to die from the illness.
The ACS notes that breast cancer is 100 times less common among white males than among white females. It is 70 times less common among Black males than Black females.
Black males have the highest incidence of breast cancer among males.
Based on figures from 2013 to 2017, the and the ACS report the following incidence rates of breast cancer among people of various ethnicities:
There are two reasons why breast cancer is more common in females than males.
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Loved Ones Of Male Breast Cancer Patients
The news and implications of a breast cancer diagnosis are not only challenging for the man going through it, but also for those closest to them, such as the mans partner, family and close friends. The mans loved ones may experience a range of emotions, such as shock, fear, worry, powerlessness and may not know what to say. There may be concerns about finances or changes in the dynamics of relationships breast cancer treatment can also impact on the mans sexual wellbeing.
If you are man diagnosed with breast cancer, you may want to start by telling your family and a few close friends about your diagnosis, which may help you become familiar with other peoples reactions. After you feel more comfortable and confident talking about your diagnosis, you may wish to let others know.
Further information and support are also available for carers of men diagnosed with breast cancer.
How Is A Male Breast Cancer Diagnosis Made
If a doctor has reason to suspect cancer, the following tests and procedures may be used to arrive at a diagnosis:
- Clinical breast exam. Usually a first step, this is performed in the office. The doctor feels the breast and underarm area for palpable lumps and examines the skin and nipple for any breast changes.
- Imaging tests. Next, the doctor may order such tests as a mammogram with a breast ultrasound and, occasionally, a magnetic resonance imaging of the breasts. A radiologist will examine these imaging tests to look for malignant tumors.
- Breast biopsy. A breast biopsy is a procedure in which a small piece of tissue is removed and sent to a pathology lab, where it is evaluated to determine if it is malignant or benign. The four main kinds of breast biopsies are the core needle biopsy, excisional biopsy, fine need aspiration, and punch skin biopsy.
- HER2 test. This test measures the amount of the growth-factor protein known as HER2, found in the breast tissue. This information helps a medical oncologist choose the right therapy for treatment.
Hormone-sensitivity tests. If cancer is found, an estrogen and progesterone receptor test is performed to determine whether the tumor contains receptors for estrogen and progesterone. If it does, the patient can also be treated with medications that suppress estrogen and progesterone in the body, depriving cancer cells of those hormones. This is done in addition to surgical therapy.
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Changes In Your Testicles
“If you notice a lump, heaviness, or any other change in your testicle, never delay having it looked at,” says Herbert Lepor, MD, urology chairman at New York University Langone Medical Center. “Unlike prostate cancer, which grows slowly, testicular cancer can take off overnight.” Your doctor will look for any problems with a physical exam, blood tests, and an ultrasound of your scrotum.
Symptoms Of Breast Cancer In Men
The most common symptom for men with breast cancer include:
- lump in the breast that is nearly always painless
- oozing from the nipple that may be blood stained
- a nipple that is pulled into the breast
- swelling of the breast
- a sore in the skin of the breast
- lump or swelling under the arm
- a rash on or around the nipple
If you have any of these symptoms it is important to go to your GP straight away. Finding a cancer early gives the best chance of successful treatment.
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What Are The Symptoms Of Breast Cancer
Breast pain can be a symptom of cancer. If you have any symptoms that worry you, be sure to see your doctor right away.
Different people have different symptoms of breast cancer. Some people do not have any signs or symptoms at all.
Some warning signs of breast cancer are
- New lump in the breast or underarm .
- Thickening or swelling of part of the breast.
- Irritation or dimpling of breast skin.
- Redness or flaky skin in the nipple area or the breast.
- Pulling in of the nipple or pain in the nipple area.
- Nipple discharge other than breast milk, including blood.
- Any change in the size or the shape of the breast.
- Pain in any area of the breast.
Keep in mind that these symptoms can happen with other conditions that are not cancer.
If you have any signs or symptoms that worry you, be sure to see your doctor right away.
Risk Factors For Males
Male-specific risk factors include:
- Klinefelter syndrome: Males with this syndrome are born with an extra X chromosome and have higher estrogen levels compared with other males. As a result, they can develop gynecomastia, which is the growth of breast tissue in males. This syndrome can increase the chance of developing breast cancer by 20â60 times.
- Genetic mutations: Mutations in the CHEK2, PTEN, and PALB2 genes can lead to breast cancer in males.
- Testicular conditions: These include having an undescended testicle, having one or more testicles surgically removed, or having mumps as an adult. Mumps can lead to a in the size of the testicle.
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Detecting Breast Cancer Early
Male breast cancer is just like every other form of cancer in that it is easier to treat if caught early.
I play basketball and tennis every weekend. So, on a Sunday in November back in 2007, I came home, I turned on the shower, and as I was taking off my shirt, I guess my left thumb rubbed up against my left breast, and I felt something wet, recounted Futterweit in a precious interview with SurvivorNet.
He then squeezed the area, and a dark liquid came out, which he showed to his wife. Her response? Well, you better not do what you normally do, what guys do, and say I think its gonna go away.
Futterweit called his doctor, who prescribed him an antibiotic and ordered a mammogram when that did not treat the problem.
He soon learned that he had a clogged mammary duct as well as a carcinoma in situ.
His doctor suggested that they make an incision, take out the nipple, the breast material, and the sheath and cells underneath. After getting a second opinion, Futterweit agreed that this was the best course of action.
Futterweit then continued to monitor his situation after surgery, which is how in 2016, he again detected cancer early and quickly started treatment.
I felt a little agitation, if you will, in the same spot where my nipple used to be, and a little five-millimeter pimple showed up, he explained.
Chris Spargo is a senior reporter at SurvivorNet. Read More
That decision may have saved his life.