Breast Cancer Is The Second Most Common Type Of Cancer In American Women
Women in the United States get breast cancer more than any other type of cancer except skin cancer. Breast cancer is second to lung cancer as a cause of cancer death in American women. Deaths from breast cancer have decreased slightly each year between 2013 and 2017. Breast cancer also occurs in men, but the number of new cases is small.
Breast Cancer Prevention And Risk
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in Australia. It is estimated that 1 in 7 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in their lifetime.Directly or indirectly more Australian families are likely to be affected by breast cancer than any other type of cancer.
There are a range of factors that contribute to your chance of developing breast cancer. Some risks can be reduced, while others you might have no control over.
Read ahead for more information on breast cancer and risk prevention.
Effect On Black Women
Triple-negative cancers tend to be more aggressive and harder to treat. Black women are more likely to get this type of breast cancer than women in other racial groups.
There is also evidence that when chemotherapy is given, it is less effective in Black women. If there are genetic differences that explain the effect, personalized medicine might be able to address them eventually.
There are also non-biological factorssuch as lack of access to quality care, higher uninsurance rates, systemic racism, and the wealth gapthat delay diagnosis.
What this looks like in real life is that many Black women are seeking care when their cancer is in its later stage. Even when Black women seek care in a timely fashion, they may not get the same timely or high quality of care as White women. One study showed that Black women were 31% less likely to have surgery and 11% less likely to receive chemotherapy than White women.
More research is needed on the race-specific differences in tumor biology, treatment options, and environmental factors that impact the breast cancer course in Black women.
Fortunately, increasing inclusivity in research studies is a primary focus of scientific research, and we are beginning to see the fruits of that labor, as screening guidelines have been updated and the number of personalized treatments that Black women have access to has increased.
Despite a recent decline in breast cancer rates, Black women are still dying from breast cancer at an alarming rate.
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Early Detection And Prevention Is Key To Survival
Mammograms dont prevent breast cancer. They identify breast cancer and when it is performed annually its a good way to detect it as early as possible.
Prevention is also key to survival. By following the above ways to prevent breast cancer, you can lower your chances of your mammogram results showing breast cancer development.
Mammograms and preventive measures for breast cancer can give you a knockout punch for this life-threatening disease.
Avoid Birth Control Pills Particularly After Age 35 Or If You Smoke
Birth control pills have both risks and benefits. The younger a woman is, the lower the risks are. While women are taking birth control pills, they have a slightly increased risk of breast cancer. This risk goes away quickly, though, after stopping the pill. The risk of stroke and heart attack is also increased while on the pill particularly if a woman smokes. However, long-term use can also have important benefits, like lowering the risk of ovarian cancer, colon cancer and uterine cancer not to mention unwanted pregnancy so theres also a lot in its favor. If youre very concerned about breast cancer, avoiding birth control pills is one option to lower risk.
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Can I Lower My Risk Of Breast Cancer
There is no sure way to prevent breast cancer. But there are things you can do that might lower your risk. Many risk factors are beyond your control, such as being born female and getting older. But other risk factors can be changed and may lower your risk.
For women who are known to be at increased risk for breast cancer, there are additional steps that might reduce the risk of developing breast cancer.
Book Your Appointment Today
Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in women, and we cant prevent it. However, there are preventive measures that patients cant implement in their life to reduce the risk of developing cancer cells.
Breast screening can detect breast cancer in its early stages, and lifestyle modifications can also be beneficial as they can reduce the risk of other diseases.
If you are concerned about your health or want to learn more about breast cancer prevention, book your appointment today.
We look forward to meeting you.
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The 10 Commandments Of Cancer Prevention
About one of every three Americans will develop some form of malignancy during his or her lifetime. Despite these grim statistics, doctors have made great progress in understanding the biology of cancer cells, and they have already been able to improve the diagnosis and treatment of cancer.
But instead of just waiting for new breakthroughs, you can do a lot to protect yourself right now. Screening tests can help detect malignancies in their earliest stages, but you should always be alert for symptoms of the disease. The American Cancer Society developed this simple reminder years ago:
- C: Change in bowel or bladder habits
- A: A sore that does not heal
- U: Unusual bleeding or discharge
- T: Thickening or lump in the breast or elsewhere
- I: Indigestion or difficulty in swallowing
- O: Obvious change in a wart or mole
- N: Nagging cough or hoarseness
It’s a rough guide at best. The vast majority of such symptoms are caused by nonmalignant disorders, and cancers can produce symptoms that don’t show up on the list, such as unexplained weight loss or fatigue. But it is a useful reminder to listen to your body and report sounds of distress to your doctor.
2. Eat properly. Reduce your consumption of saturated fat and red meat, which may increase the risk of colon cancer and a more aggressive form of prostate cancer. Increase your consumption of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
Nutritious Fruits And Vegetables
A well and balanced diet can protect you from breast cancer. Protein enriched fruits and vegetables can help you fight cancer. Dark coloured grapes are very nutritious. The skin of these grapes carry anti-cancer properties. They help you in protecting your skin from cancer. According to researches, an increase in physical activity can lead to a 10-30% of reduction in breast cancer.
In the end, you must take care of yourself. Stay hydrated and frequently check your body and in case of any confusion, contact your doctor immediately.
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Breast Cancer Prevention Patient Version
On This Page
Cancerprevention is action taken to lower the chance of getting cancer. By preventing cancer, the number of new cases of cancer in a group or population is lowered. Hopefully, this will reduce the burden of cancer and lower the number of deaths caused by cancer.
Cancer is not a single disease but a group of related diseases. Our genes, lifestyle, and the environment around us work together to increase or decrease our risk of getting cancer. Each persons cancer risk is made up of a combination of these factors.
Some risk factors for cancer can be avoided, but many cannot. Forexample, both smoking and inheriting certain genes are risk factors for sometypes of cancer, but only smoking can be avoided. Regular exercise and a healthy diet may be protective factors for some types of cancer. Avoiding risk factors and increasing protective factors may lower your risk but it doesnot mean that you will not get cancer.
Different ways to prevent cancer are being studied, including:
- Changing lifestyle or eating habits.
- Avoiding things known to cause cancer.
- Taking medicine to treat a precancerouscondition or to keep cancer from starting.
Weight Exercise And Breast Cancer Risk
Being overweight or obese raises the risk of breast cancer. This is very important after menopause. Excess fat can increase the body’s estrogen levels. It is also the main source of estrogen after menopause. Estrogen can cause the growth of breast cancer cells.
Women who are obese after menopause are 30 percent more likely to develop breast cancer. Gaining more than 22 pounds after menopause raises the risk of breast cancer by 18 percent.
To find out if you are overweight, calculate your body mass index . BMI is based on your height and weight. Your BMI should be between 18 and 24.9. A BMI between 25 and 29.9 is considered overweight. If your BMI is higher than 30, you are considered obese.
Exercise and weight loss can help women who are overweight or obese lower their risk of breast cancer. Obese women who are able to lose at least 22 pounds after menopause can lower their breast cancer risk by 57 percent.
Talk with your clinician if you have questions about your ideal body weight and your BMI. Always check with your doctor before beginning any new exercise plan or diet to find out what plan is best for you.
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If You Smoke Stop If You Drink Limit Your Intake
This ones pretty straightforward. For years weve known the health costs that come with smoking. Smoking can weaken the immune system, one of our bodies best defenses against cancer, and can damage or change a cells DNA, which can lead to the growth of a tumor. Quitting isnt always easy. For tips to help you or someone you love quit smoking, visit our website.
Drinking alcohol is linked to breast and several other cancers. Once ingested, your body breaks it down into a chemical that can damage or change a cells DNA, potentially leading to the growth of a tumor. The latest Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends that if you drink, you limit your consumption to one drink a day for women and two a day for men.
Avoid Drinking Too Much
“Drinking in moderation”that is, up to three or four drinks per week”is probably reasonable and safe,” Dr. Port says. But drinking every day should be avoided, she adds.
A 2016 study in the International Journal of Cancer found survivors who downed more than one drink per day were 28% more likely to suffer a recurrence.
This is your body on alcohol:
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Breast Lumps And Bumps
Having breast lumps and bumps? You already know that it can be a sign of breast cancer. Among other types of cancer, such as skin cancer and liver cancer, breast cancer is the most common cancer in U.S. Researches by the American Cancer Society . The ACS reported that 1 in 8 women being affected by the disease. This entails that 1/8 of women have the tendency of being affected by this disease.
Well, not to worry too much, there is good news: fewer women are getting and dying from breast cancer than ever before. Cancer is not an inevitable disease, as women have more control over the disease than they ever think.
How To Minimise Your Risk Of Developing Breast Cancer
The incidence of breast cancer is predicted to increase year on year. And while there are many risk factors that we have no control over, such as being a woman, or getting older, there are others which can be changed or managed.
The following lifestyle factors have been linked to breast cancer risk. Although these may increase your risk of developing breast cancer, having one or more of these risk factors does not mean that you will definitely develop cancer. Likewise, having no known risk factors also does not guarantee that you will never develop cancer. If you are concerned about any of these risk factors, see your doctor to discuss any concerns prior to making lifestyle changes.
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What You Cannot Change
Many risk factors increase the chance of having breast cancer, but how some of these risk factors cause cells to become cancerous is not yet fully understood.
Risk factors are divided into non-modifiable factors and modifiable factors .
Non-modifiable risk factors include:
- Alcohol use
- Recent use of birth control pills
- Using hormone therapy after menopause
- Induced abortion
Never having been pregnant and not breastfeeding are also considered modifiable risk factors, but its important to note that these are not necessarily things that every person has the ability to change.
Breast Cancer: Risk Factors And Prevention
Have questions about breast cancer? Ask here.
ON THIS PAGE: You will find out more about the factors that increase the chance of developing breast cancer. Use the menu to see other pages.
A risk factor is anything that increases a persons chance of developing cancer. Although risk factors often influence the development of cancer, most do not directly cause cancer. Some people with several risk factors never develop cancer, while others with no known risk factors do. Knowing your risk factors and talking about them with your doctor may help you make more informed lifestyle and health care choices.
Most breast cancers are sporadic, meaning they develop from damage to a persons genes that occurs by chance after they are born. There is no risk of the person passing this gene on to their children, as the underlying cause of sporadic breast cancer is environmental factors.
Inherited breast cancers are less common, making up 5% to 10% of cancers. Inherited breast cancer occurs when gene changes called mutations are passed down within a family from parent to child. Many of those mutations are in tumor suppressor genes, such as BRCA1, BRCA2, and PALB2. These genes normally keep cells from growing out of control and turning into cancer. But when these cells have a mutation, it can cause them to grow out of control.
The following factors may raise a womans risk of developing breast cancer:
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What Can I Do To Reduce My Risk Of Breast Cancer
Getting regular exercise and keeping a healthy weight can help lower your breast cancer risk.
Many factors over the course of a lifetime can influence your breast cancer risk. You cant change some factors, such as getting older or your family history, but you can help lower your risk of breast cancer by taking care of your health in the following ways
- Exercise regularly.
- Dont drink alcohol, or limit alcoholic drinks.
- If you are taking, or have been told to take, hormone replacement therapyexternal icon or oral contraceptivesexternal icon , ask your doctor about the risks and find out if it is right for you.
- Breastfeed your children, if possible.
- If you have a family history of breast cancer or inherited changes in your BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, talk to your doctor about other ways to lower your risk.
Staying healthy throughout your life will lower your risk of developing cancer, and improve your chances of surviving cancer if it occurs.
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Lifestyle Changes After Breast Cancer
Lifestyle Changes after Breast Cancer Treatment: Conversations on Survival. A group of breast cancer survivors openly discuss what lifestyle changes were continued or changed after treatment. The importance of living in the moment, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and knowing what is really important in life are all discussed.
1) Take care of yourself emotionally
- Put your needs first sometimes
- Attend a support group or find a breast cancer survivor you can talk with
- Stay informed about new breast cancer research
- Consider psychotherapy and/or antidepressants if warranted if youre taking tamoxifen, check with your oncologist to ensure the prescribed antidepressant does not interfere with your endocrine treatment
- Communicate with your doctor about fears or concerns
- Volunteer or become a breast cancer advocate
2) Take care of yourself physically
- Exercise regularly
- Report any physical changes to either your oncologist or primary care provider
- Seek treatment for lymphedema if you experience signs
3) Eat healthy
Research has shown that a diet high in fat and calories increases circulating estrogen in the blood. Consuming a low fat and low calorie diet after breast cancer can improve your overall health and wellness. Here are some dietary suggestions:
4) Reduce stress
5) Limit alcohol
6) Exercise regularly
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Testing For Breast Cancer
The Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool is an interactive tool that allows health professionals to estimate a womans lifetime risk of developing invasive breast cancer over the next five years.
The tool can be useful, but it is not without limitations. While it has been validated for most groups including Black and Latinx women, it still underestimates the risk in some Black women.
The Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool cannot provide an accurate risk assessment for:
- Women over the age of 90
- Women carrying a breast-cancer-producing mutation in BRCA1 or BRCA2
- Women with a prior history of breast cancer, whether invasive or in-situ
- Some other subgroups
That said, Black women should still consider using the risk assessment tool. Getting an estimate of risk does not predict who will or will not get breast cancer. Rather, it is a tool to be used with others to help assess risk and create or refine a breast cancer prevention plan.
Research has found that Black women who do not have children or have them after age 30 have a slightly higher risk of breast cancer.