HomeExclusiveWhat Is The 5 Year Survival Rate For Breast Cancer

What Is The 5 Year Survival Rate For Breast Cancer

Understanding Her2+ Status And Survival

Breast Cancer Awareness Fast Fact: Early detection

Doctors use three markers to help define breast cancers and guide treatment. One of those is the HER2 protein. The other two are hormone receptors . When a cancer has none of these, doctors call it triple negative. Until recently, there wasnt much information about how these markers changed survival rates for breast cancer.

A recent study looked at the National Cancer Institute data to see if there were differences in survival for women based on these markers. The study shows there are. Overall, women who have HR+ and HER2- breast cancer do best. But in the later stages, those who have the HER2+ type have better survival rates than those with HER2-. Breast cancers that are triple negative have the lowest survival rates. The 4-year survival rates are as follows:

  • HR+/HER2-: 92.5%

Metastatic Breast Cancer Survival Rates

  • Median survival after diagnosis is three years. There has been no statistically significant improvement in the past twenty years.
  • Despite the decrease in cancer mortality rates since 1990, the actual number of Americans losing their battle with the disease has hovered around 40,000 each year since at least the year 2000.

Oncogene Expression May Negatively Affect Breast Cancer Outcome

A relatively new addition to the discussion of breast cancer survival statistics and prognosis is oncogene expression.

An oncogene is a tiny fragment of genetic material which is carried in a chromosome and can cause normal cells to become malignant.

The oncogene HER-2, in particular, has been linked to more aggressive breast cancers.

Around one-third of all breast tumours produce the HER-2 oncogene, and these patients tend to have higher rates of recurrence and lower overall breast cancer survival rates.

According to a 2013 Canadian scientific study, the overall 5-year survival rate of HER-2 positive breast cancer is 88.6%. Furthermore, the relapse-free survival rate for 5 years is 79.4%.

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Why Breast Cancer Survival Rates Are Going To Be Higher Than The Most Up

It is important to remember that the breast cancer survival rates that are listed on this page are, in reality, going to be higher.

This is because the breast cancer survival rates data is gathered from a large number of people with the disease over a 5 year period. Hence, even the most up-to-date statistics are still going to be a little out of date.

Thus, with the ongoing improvements and advancements in breast cancer screening, research, early detection and advanced tailored treatment, the outcomes at present will be even better than the statistics listed here.

Survival Rates For Breast Cancer

Survival rates can give you an idea of what percentage of people with the same type and stage of cancer are still alive a certain amount of time after they were diagnosed. They cant tell you how long you will live, but they may help give you a better understanding of how likely it is that your treatment will be successful.

Keep in mind that survival rates are estimates and are often based on previous outcomes of large numbers of people who had a specific cancer, but they cant predict what will happen in any particular persons case. These statistics can be confusing and may lead you to have more questions. Talk with your doctor about how these numbers may apply to you, as he or she is familiar with your situation.

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What This Means For You

This study strongly suggests that some of the racial differences in early-stage breast cancer outcomes may be overcome by offering more support for people undergoing radiation therapy treatment.

As this study shows, its very important to complete all your radiation therapy treatments. Still, traditional whole-breast radiation therapy after surgery for early-stage breast cancer is usually given as one treatment per day, 5 days a week, for 5 to 7 weeks. This daily commitment can be very difficult for some people, especially if they live far away from a treatment center or cant take that much time off work. Newer, accelerated radiation schedules put the same radiation dose into a 3- to 5-week schedule. But this is still a big commitment.

So what can you do if your facility doesnt offer the same support as the ACCURE study did?

When youre planning your treatment, be very honest with your doctor about how difficult it may be for you to complete the full course of radiation therapy. You may be eligible for an accelerated radiation schedule. Ask if the facility offers transportation to radiation therapy appointments. If not, ask if there are ride-to-treatment services, such as the American Cancer Societys Road to Recovery program, available in your area.

If youre experiencing troubling side effects from radiation therapy, talk to your doctor right away. Skin side effects are the most common, and there are steps you can take to soothe and help heal any irritation.

Hormone Receptor Status Influences Breast Cancer Survival Rates

The hormone receptor status of a breast tumour is not usually included in formal discussions of prognosis.

Each breast tumour will potentially have a different hormone receptor status. When a breast cancer tumour tests positive for the hormones estrogen and progesterone, it implies two things:-

  • Is the bad news: Cancer has the potential to grow very quickly because it responds to the fluctuating hormones, estrogen and progesterone.
  • Is the Good news: The tumor will very likely be highly responsive to chemotherapy and hormonal therapy treatments.
  • Therefore, due to improvements in treatments, overall survival rates will be higher for hormone receptor positive breast tumors than for those that are hormone negative.

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    Breast Cancer Survival By Age

    Five-year survival for female breast cancer shows an unusual pattern with age: survival gradually increases from 85% in women aged 15-39 and peaks at 92% in 60-69 year olds survival falls thereafter, reaching its lowest point of 70% in 80-99 year-olds for patients diagnosed with breast cancer in England during 2009-2013.

    Breast Cancer , Five-Year Net Survival by Age, Women, England, 2009-2013

    Breast Cancer Diagnosis And Survival Rates Over The Last 27 Years

    Breast Cancer Survival Rate

    The incidence of breast cancer has risen dramatically over the last 27 years, rising from about 9,827 new cases a year in 1994, to over 20,000 new cases a year in 2021. As a result, 1 in 7 women will now be diagnosed in their lifetime.

    From NBCFs inception in 1994, five-year relative survival for breast cancer improved from 76% to 91%. This improvement is a result of research. But despite the improved survival rate, this year around 9 Australians will lose their lives to breast cancer every day. In 2021, there was over 3,000 deaths from breast cancer, including 36 males and 3,102 females.

    Unfortunately, despite improved survival rates, the number of deaths from breast cancer each year is still rising. This is being driven by the increase in diagnoses.

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    Relative Survival Rate By Stage

    The survival rates by stage are based on the stage at the time of diagnosis. Youve probably been given a number and letter for your cancer stage. Here, the terms localized, regional, and distant are used instead of numbers and letters. Heres what they mean and the 5-year relative survival rates for each:

    • Localized breast cancer is only in the breast. This includes stage IA , some IIA , and some IIB . The 5-year relative survival rate is 99%.
    • Regional breast cancer has spread to nearby tissue or lymph nodes. This includes stage IB , some IIA , some IIB , and all stage III . The 5-year relative survival rate is 86%.
    • Distant breast cancer has spread to other parts of the body. This includes stage IV, pronounced stage 4). The 5-year relative survival rate is 28%.

    Mortality Rates Versus Number Of Breast Cancer Deaths

    Sometimes its useful to have an estimate of the number of people expected to die from breast cancer in a year. This numbers helps show the burden of breast cancer in a group of people.

    Numbers, however, can be hard to compare to each other. To compare mortality in different populations, we need to look at mortality rates rather than the number of breast cancer deaths.

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    How Your Prognosis Might Affect You

    It can be difficult to take in and make sense of information about your prognosis. Having a good prognosis may reassure you, although you may still worry. If your prognosis is less good, you may feel anxious about the future. However you feel, theres no evidence that peoples attitude to having cancer alters their prognosis.

    No tests can tell you with complete certainty what will happen to you. Sometimes people with a poor prognosis live for a long time. Equally, breast cancer can come back in people with a seemingly excellent prognosis.

    Its normal to want to make plans for the future and the uncertainty about a diagnosis of breast cancer can be hard to live with. Most people find that it gets easier over time but sometimes you may need more support. This can come in all sorts of ways: from your friends or family, your breast care nurse, specialist or GP. You can also be referred to a counsellor who is trained to help people explore their feelings following a diagnosis of, and treatment for, breast cancer.

    Whatever challenges or concerns youre facing, Breast Cancer Now is here to support you. Whether you want to speak to our nurses, join our online Forum or connect with volunteers who have faced what youre facing now, we can help you feel more in control.

    For more information, visit our support for you section.

    National Cancer Control Indicators

    Cancer survival can be used as an indicator of cancer prognosis at a population level and of effectiveness of treatments provided.1

    Relative survival refers to the probability of being alive for a given amount of time after diagnosis, compared with the experience of the general population. The measure ‘5-year relative survival at diagnosis answers the question: “what is the probability that an individual will survive their cancer for 5 years after a cancer diagnosis.

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    Breast Cancer Survival Rates Are Affected By Tumor Grade

    Breast cancer grade refers to the size and shape of the malignant breast cancer cells. If the breast cancer cells look very different than normal breast tissue cells, and somewhat random in appearance, they are called poorly differentiated and described as high grade.

    There are three main breast cancer grades and these are as follows:-

    • Grade 1: The cancer cells are well differentiated and look the most like normal cells. These type of cancers tend to be slow-growing.
    • Grade 2: These cancer cells are moderately differentiated. This means that the cells look less like normal cells and tend to grow faster.
    • Grade 3: Poorly differentiated cells do not appear like normal cells at all and tend to be very fast growing. Hence, the affect on prognosis.

    Microscopic Images of Ductal cell carcinoma in Situ Grades 1, 2 and 3

    Higher grade breast cancers tend to have a poorer prognosis.

    You will be able to find the Grade of your tumor on your pathology report.

    Infiltrating/invasive Lobular Breast Carcinoma

    Infiltrating lobular carcinoma usually appears as a subtle thickening in the upper-outer breast quadrant.

    As the name suggests, these tumours originate mostly in the breast lobules rather than the lining of the breast ducts.

    Invasive lobular cancer is a less common type of breast cancer than invasive ductal cancer. This cancer accounts for about 10% of all invasive breast cancer cases.

    Prognosis for infiltrating and invasive lobular breast carcinomas will naturally be influenced by tumor size, grade, stage and hormone receptor status..

    However, lobular breast cancers, when positive for estrogen and progesterone receptors, tend to respond very well to hormone therapy.

    The overall breast cancer survival rates for infiltrating lobular carcinoma, when matched by stage, are a little higher than for ductal carcinoma for the first 5 years.

    Survival rates range from about 77% to 93%, but on average, the 5-year survival rate was estimated at about 90%.

    90%2010

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    Factors Influencing Metastatic Breast Cancer Prognosis

    There are several factors that can impact the prognosis of metastatic breast cancer, these include:

    • Age
    • Hormone receptors on cancer cells
    • The type of tissue involved
    • The number of tumors/extent of metastasis
    • A persons overall attitude and outlook on the prognosis

    Of course, no factors can accurately predict the exact prognosis for a person with metastatic breast cancer. These statistics are based on many clinical research studies, looking at survival rates for people diagnosed with breast cancer at all stages. But the prognosis of each person is different, regardless of what the statistics indicate.

    How Does Staging Relate To Types Of Breast Cancer

    A New Breast Cancer Treatment Could Be A Game Changer

    In addition to cancer stage, doctors will determine the tumor grade and subtype.

    Tumors are graded on a scale of 1 to 3, based on how abnormal the cells appear compared to normal cells. The higher the grade, the more aggressive the cancer, meaning that it tends to be growing quickly.

    The subtype is important because treatment and outlook will vary depending on which subtype of breast cancer that you have. Subtypes include:

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    It Was Estimated That In :

    • 115,800 Canadian men would be diagnosed with cancer and 44,100 men would die from cancer.
    • 110,000 Canadian women would be diagnosed with cancer and 39,300 women would die from cancer.
    • On average, 617 Canadians would be diagnosed with cancer every day.
    • On average, 228 Canadians would die from cancer every day.
    • Lung, breast, colorectal and prostate cancer are the most commonly diagnosed types of cancer in Canada .
    • These 4 cancers account for about half of all new cancer cases.
    • Prostate cancer accounts for one-fifth of all new cancer cases in men.
    • Lung cancer accounts for 14% of all new cases of cancer.
    • Breast cancer accounts for one-quarter of all new cancer cases in women
    • Colorectal cancer accounts for 12% of all new cancer cases.

    Is Inoperable Breast Cancer Still Treatable

    Although stage 3C breast cancer is defined as either operable or inoperable, an inoperable diagnosis doesnt necessarily mean that it cant be treated.

    The term inoperable may mean that all the cancer in the breast and surrounding tissue cant be removed through simple surgery. When breast cancer is removed, a rim of healthy tissue around the tumor, called a margin, is also removed.

    For breast cancer to be successfully removed, there needs to be healthy tissue in all margins of the breast, from your clavicle down to a few inches below the breast mound.

    It is possible for inoperable breast cancer to become operable following a treatment to shrink the cancer.

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    A Note About Statistics

    Survival rates are statistics, and as such tend to tell us how the “average” person will do with an “average” triple-negative breast cancer but people and tumors aren’t statistics. Some people will do better and some people will do worse.

    Very importantly, statistics are usually several years old. In order to calculate five-year survival rates, a person would have to have been diagnosed at least five years prior. And still there is lag time. The treatment of triple-negative breast cancer is changing, and new drugs have been approved.

    Breast Cancer Survival Rates For All Types Of Breast Cancers

    Breast cancer survival rates and prognosis are determined by so many different factors that it is always difficult to make generalizations.

    NOTE: this page has been recently updated with the most up-to-date statistics. Prognosis has improved so much because breast cancer treatments have become more effective since this page was first created. Remember that survival is better than listed here. Most importantly, ask your oncologist and specialist team, who keep current with the latest statistics and best treatments.

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    Screening For Breast Cancer

    Women aged between 50 and 74 are invited to access free screening mammograms every two years via the BreastScreen Australia Program.

    Women aged 40-49 and 75 and over are also eligible to receive free mammograms, however they do not receive an invitation to attend.

    It is recommended that women with a strong family history of breast or ovarian cancer, aged between 40 and 49 or over 75 discuss options with their GP, or contact BreastScreen Australia on 13 20 50.

    What Affects Survival

    Your outlook depends on the stage of the cancer when it was diagnosed. This means how big it is and whether it has spread.

    The type of cancer and grade of the cancer cells can also affect your survival. Grade means how abnormal the cells look under the microscope.

    Your general health and fitness also affect survival, the fitter you are, the better you may be able to cope with your cancer and treatment.

    Another factor that can affect survival is whether the cancer cells have receptors for particular cancer drugs.

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    What Is A 5

    A relative survival rate compares women with the same type and stage of breast cancer to women in the overall population.For example, if the 5-year relative survival rate for a specific stage of breast cancer is 90%, it means that women who have that cancer are, on average, about 90% as likely as women who dont have that cancer to live for at least 5 years after being diagnosed.

    What Is The Chance I Could Die In The Next 5 Years

    Black women have the highest mortality rate from breast cancer

    The average 5-year survival rate for all people with breast cancer is 89%. The 10-year rate is 83%, and the 15-year rate is 78%. If the cancer is located only in the breast , the 5-year survival rate is 99%. More than 70% of breast cancers are diagnosed at an Early Stage.

    All survival statistics are primarily based on the stage of breast cancer when diagnosed. Some of the other important factors are also listed below that affect survival.

    Stage 0 breast cancer can be also described as a pre-cancer. If you have DCIS you can be quite confident you will do well. DCIS does not spread to other organs. What can be concerning is when an invasive cancer grows back in the area of a prior lumpectomy for DCIS. This type of local recurrence does carry a risk to your life. Luckily, this does not happen frequently. Also, be aware that those who have had DCIS in the past are at a higher risk for developing an entirely new, invasive breast cancer. Take our video lesson on Non-Invasive DCIS to learn more.

    Stage I invasive breast cancer has an excellent survival rate. The chance of dying of Stage I breast cancer within five years of diagnosis is 1 to 5% if you pursue recommended treatments.

    Stage II breast cancer is also considered an early stage of breast cancer. There is a slightly increased risk to your life versus a Stage I breast cancer. Altogether, the risk of Stage II breast cancer threatening your life in the next 5 years is about 15%.

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